Biography of Abrahán Ben Moisés Ben Maimón (1186-1237)

Spain hails Jewish jurist and thinker. Only son of Maimonides and, like it, doctor and philosopher, formed directly by his father. To the death, in 1204, and despite his youth, he was appointed the spiritual and secular leader of the Jewish community in Egypt, a position he would occupy until his death. The philosophical and scientific themes shows an attitude similar to his father, rationalist and Aristotelian online. Took a mystical and pietistic, approach influenced by the mystical doctrine of Muslim Sufism, and wanted to make changes in the practice of the Jewish prayer (prostration, arms open, wash previously feet, etc.), which aroused strong reactions against.

Authoritatively answered questions that, from all over the world, heading him on various aspects of Jewish life. In his religious encyclopedic work in Arabic 'Extensive guide of the servants (of God)' examines the main virtues which man should practice on their way to perfection: humility, faith, abstinence, the use of his faculties, inner solitude and, above all, the union of the soul with God. For him, the human body is the source of sin and evil, so it is necessary to lead an ascetic life and despise the pleasures of this world, helping the Sufis method to search for the perfection of man. It underlines the need for internal religiosity and the virtues of the heart. He said some biblical books from a philosophical perspective, although without recourse to allegories. He also wrote comments on aspects of the legal work of his father, coming out in defense of his writings against some of their opponents. When they burned the works of his father in Montpellier (1235), scholars of Provence wrote a protest entitled Milhamot Adonay, "Wars of the Lord".

Bibliography.

SÁENZ-BADILLOS, TARGARONA, J. Dictionary of Jewish authors (Sefarad. 10th - 15th centuries). (Córdoba: El Almendro, 1990).