Biography of Alexei A. Abrikosov (1928-VVVV)

Russian physicist born on June 25, 1928 in Moscow, former Soviet Union. Nobel Prize in physics won the award in 2003, along with Vitali. L. Ginzburg and Anthony j. Leggett.

Born in Russia, in a family where both parents were professional, graduate with two degrees in medicine. He graduated in 1943 from high school, and could join the demanding Institute for energy engineering, with only 15 years. In 1945 he moved to the Department of Physics of the State University of Moscow, from which he graduated in 1948. He joined the Department of problems in physics of the Kapitza Institute. After approving a thesis for a master's degree in 1951 on thermal diffusion in plasmas, joined as a member of the institution. His doctorate in 1955 was the result of papers on quantum electrodynamics of high energy.

From 1965 to 1988 he worked at the Academy of Sciences Soviet, as Professor of the Landau Institute of theoretical physics, and in 1991 it was accepted at the Russian Academy of Sciences as an academic member.

Already in 1952, Abrikosov had discovered the way in which magnetic flux can penetrate and lead is a superconductor, and the way to do it is today known as the Abrikosov vortex lattice. His research since 1991, working in a laboratory in Illinois, United States, is about the origins of the kools, property that some materials swapped their resistance to electrical flow under the influence of a magnetic field.

A scientist was awarded for his work from 1966, which won the Lenin Prize, in 1972 received the Fritz London Memorial Prize, and the national award of Russia in 1982. In 1989 he became deserving award Landau of the Academy of Sciences of Russia. Only two years later, awarded the John Bardeen of the Sony Corporation. He has been appointed member of the prestigious Royal Academy of London, fellow of the American Physical Society, and in 2000 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in the United States.

In 2003 he was awarded the highest possible honor, receiving the prize Nobel Prize in physics, for his theories about how matter behaves in extremely low tempraturas.