Biography of Abu Nur ibn Qurra. King of la taifa de Ronda (¿-1057)

First King of the taifa of Ronda born date unknown and died in 1057. His real name was Abu Nur Hilal ibn Abi Qurra ibn dunes al - Yafrani. Member of the Berber family of the yafranies. It ruled in two periods separated by a four-year hiatus in which he was imprisoned by the King of the taifa of Seville, Al-Mu'tadid. The first, the longest period was developed from 1016 until 1053, and the second, which lasted less than a year, developed since his release in 1057 until his death.

Abu Nur ibn Qurra belonged to the family of Berber origin of the yafranies, who had come to the peninsula from the hand of Almanzor, which recruited in the Maghreb Berber quotas, to ensure its position in power and so these will help you, as part of his army, in military campaigns carried out against the Christian kingdoms of the North of the peninsula. It was precisely the fact of belonging to a Berber family which is what prompted him to take part in the fitna, or civil war which took place after the fall of Hisham II and the death of the second son of Almanzor, Abd al - Rahman Sanchuelo to in 1008. The arrival to power of Muhammad II al-Mahdí, was a blow to the Berber interests, since the new ruler never had their collaboration to exercise the tasks of power and the unwillingness of the leaders of these families are won. Abu Nur was no exception and I lent its support to Sulaymán al - Musta'in, who came to power for the first time in 1009, for a year.

In the year 1010 Hisham II was proclaimed Caliph and ruled until his death in 1013. At that time began the second reign of Sulayman al - Musta'in.

Al - Musta'in, rewarded, in this second period of his reign, the services provided by Abu Nur ibn Qurra, giving the Government of Jaén and its dependencies, although this was shared with another Allied family, that of the birzalies. But the aspirations of Abu Nur were addressed not only to deal with the Government of the small territory of Jaén, but wanted to extend their possessions, to this end he gripped the region of Tukuruna (round) and in 1016 was proclaimed sovereign independent of this territory thereby giving origin to the taifa of Ronda.

Their settlement as I regulating and having achieved an independent territory which govern failed to placate their desire for power, by which participated regularly in the conflict that developed in the other kingdoms in the region. It seems that it supported Idris II of the Hammudids dynasty, when the sovereign, from Ceuta, took power in Malaga. Idris II was forced, by an internal revolt of Malaga, into exile in North Africa, where planned his return to power for which counted with the help of Abu Nur Ibn Qurra, which gave him asylum in round until Idris II was ready to regain the throne of Malaga.

At the beginning of his reign, Abu Nur, he maintained good relations with the belligerent taifa King of Seville, Al-Mu'tadid, but the Seville sovereign expansionist eagerness led him to try to seize all the small taifas of surroundings, Arcos, Morón and Ronda. In 1053 al - Mu'tadid defeated and made prisoner at Abu Nur, whom he retained for four years. This moment was tapped by his son Badis to seize power in round. When Abu Nur was released and returned to his Kingdom, his first act was to regain power and depose his son, which had become a tyrant. Abu Nur sent to run him by ill-treatment and abuse committed against his subjects. Didn't last long his second reign, since he died a few months after regaining power.

He was succeeded by another of his sons, Abu Nasr Futuh, which was recognized as the sovereign of Málaga and Ronda, but that he could not help that upon his death the taifa of Ronda was possession of Seville while Malaga was annexed to Granada.

Bibliography

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JOVER ZAMORA, J.M. (dir). "The kingdoms Taifas of al - Andalus in the 11th century", in history of Spain. Menéndez Pidal, vol. VIII-I. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 1994.

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Martin, J.L. "The medieval Spain", in Manual of the history of Spain. José Luis Martín, vol II. Madrid, 16 story.