Biography of María Josefa Acevedo de Gómez (1803-1861)

Poet and writer Colombian, born in Bogotá and died in Pasca (Cundinamarca). Author of historical narrations nationalists and traditionalists. It belonged to a family of high lineage made up of conquerors, trustees and officials of the Government during the colonial era. maría Josefa Acevedo de Gómez was a daughter of the "Tribune of 1810", José Acevedo and Gómez and Catalina Sánchez de Tejada. He/She married Attorney Diego Fernando Gómez, with whom he/she had two daughters: Amelia and Rosa. Once formed your home, settled in the Hacienda El Chocho, fusagasuga, where he/she lived for eleven years. The administration of home, country life and the opportunity to live with rustic characters contributed to the definition of his literary style. Corresponded to María Josefa Acevedo live the era of the Spanish reconquista, the wars of independence and the political uncertainties in the country during the 19th century. These circumstances influenced the life of the poet and writer. The family and cultural influence of his mother was decisive for María Josefa became the first woman writer of the Republican era and the first civilian writer of Colombian national history. His costumbrista works collected aspects of male and female behavior in the economy of his time, jewelry, apparel, furniture and supplies. With respect to the poetic part, his works contain poems written since 1823. Best of his prose work includes short stories illustrating accuracy and amenity chapters from the life of famous, forgotten, or fictitious, characters of Colombia. His literary start with the edition of his essay on the duties of married women, where it writes a series of male advice about the virtues that should be cultured for a conjugal cohabitation in peace (1857, 5th Edition). Other works are: treatise on domestic economy for use by mothers of family and housewives, (1848), which raises the good behavior of the couple; Poems of grenadine (1858), which contains poems as "A grave in los Andaquies", dedicated to the memory of his father, and the sonnet "Santa Elena", placed at the foot of a landscape representing the tomb and the shadow of Napoleon; Flowers and fruits (1857), Oracle accommodated to your language, and with twelve answers in verse for each of the forty-eight important questions containing about the present and future fate of the curious. Some of the questions relate to which raised young people at that time about friendship, dances or love; Pictures of the privacy of some people of Granada, copied to the natural for the instruction and amusement of the onlookers (1861), are short stories about the lives of some Colombian characters. Josefa Acevedo de Gómez also authored several biographies of family and his own autobiography, written a few days before his death.