Biography of Isidoro Acevedo (1867-1952)

Socialist Spanish politician, writer, journalist and one of the first founders of the Communist Party of Spain (P.C.E.). He/She was born in the town of Luanco (Asturias), the year 1867, and died, exiled in Moscow, in 1952.

His political career began very soon, in the year 1886, entering as a typographer in the Association of the art print of Madrid, which gave shelter to most of the components of the new Madrid Federation and its members provided the legal cover necessary to continue political activities and clandestine propaganda of the group. The new Madrid Federation, advocate of the tenets of Marxist socialism, had arisen in 1872 as a result of the split within the Socialist International I Spanish Region. The result of this division was the Constitution of two opposite positions; the Socialist, defended by the new Madrid Federation, and the anarchist, follower of the principles defended by Bakunin.

The Association of the art of printing became the nucleus of which was born after the Socialist Labor Spanish party, legally constituted in August of the year 1889 by Pablo Iglesias. Isidoro Acevedo was then named Secretary of the new party, and acted as such at the rally spoke in the Felipe theatre of the year 1896. He/She also collaborated closely with Pablo Iglesias in the newspaper the Socialist, maximum organ of expression of the P.S.O.E. and in which Isidoro Acevedo was formed at all levels. At the same time who collaborated in the newspaper, Isidoro Acevedo held various positions within the party and the Association of the art of printing, until, in 1898, he/she moved to Santander in search of work and new expectations. In the Cantabrian capital Acevedo deployed a great job expanding the labor movement. In the year 1900 went on to manage the Cantabrian newspaper the voice of the people, replacing Álvaro Ortiz in office, prominent labor leader. Santander he/she moved to Bilbao, in 1905, to direct the newspaper the school struggle, until the year 1910, that went on to manage the rotatable Social Aurora ovetense. During your stay in Oviedo took over the Presidency of the Socialist Federation Asturiana, up to the year 1921, date on which, along with other prominent Socialists, he/she left the Socialist Party to join the newly born structures of the Communist Party of Spain.

During your stay in Bilbao, Isidoro Acevedo had a broad and relevant activity of Association and political in the ranks of the P.S.O.E. He/She led the strike produced in mines of Vizcaya in July 1910, forcing the reluctant and Conservative Government of Canalejas to sign an agreement between the two parties by which approved is the Bill to establish the day of nine hours in mining, as well as a rise in wages for the sector. On 11 September the year 1911 was repeated another mining strike, but this time without the positive result of the above, so FOD and U.G.T. unions were declared illegal. Such fact, Isidoro Acevedo advised the P.S.O.E. withdrawal of the strike slogan of the postulates of the party so as to prevent their illegality. This policy proposal was passed by the Socialist leadership of Madrid, day 20 of the month.

In Asturias, Isidoro Acevedo actively participated in the strike of the year 1917, as a regional leader of the P.S.O.E, and the U.G.T, majority Trade Union in the region and particularly in the booming mining sector. The strategy that Acevedo, always followed with the blessing of the central direction of the Socialist Party and the own Pablo Iglesias, consisted of lead to the total collapse of the domestic industry by closing of the Asturian mining and avoid, helped by the success of the railway strike, the supply of raw materials from abroad.

With the triumph of the Soviet Revolution, Lenin sought diligently the internationalization of the postulated Marxists and revolutionary, who in 1919 established the Comintern of the Communist International III. Isidoro Acevedo was an advocate, from the beginning, of the accession of the P.S.O.E to the Comintern, but his proposal was rejected in the III extraordinary Congress of the Socialist Party, held in April of the year 1921. Acevedo left the Socialist Party to join the new Communist Party of Spain. Already within the Communist Party, Isidoro Acevedo also deployed a prominent role, managing the La Aurora Roja newspaper, organ of the Communist Federation Asturiana. In 1922 he/she attended as a delegate to the fourth Congress of the Communist International. Thanks to that trip later wrote the book impressions of a trip to Russia, published in 1923. It was part of the Central Committee of the eryc until the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. At the end of the conflict he/she was exiled in Moscow, where he/she was President of the International Red aid; institution created in order to dispense aid to the many exiled Spanish Republicans who sought refuge in the USSR

However, his extensive political career, Isidoro Acevedo became interested in the literary world. In 1923 he/she wrote the novel Los Topos, whose argument revolved around the Asturian mining strike of the year 1927 by eryc against the increase of the working day. Thanks to this work, Isidoro Acevedo stood within the current of social literature, initiated in Spain since the beginning of the century. Also published in 1925 another novel entitled Science and heart: the novel of marital fidelity.

Bibliography

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ELORZA, to and shred, M: the formation of the PSOE. Madrid, 1990.

CASTELLS, L: workers in the Basque country (1876-1923). Madrid, 1993.

LACOMBA, J.A: Communists in Asturias (1920-82). Gijón, 1996.

PAGES, P: history of the party communist of Spain. Barcelona, 1978.