Biography of Ignatius Acheampong (1931-1979)

Politician Ghanaian, born in 1931 in Kumasi and died on June 16, 1979 in Accra, who took the reins of their country, following a bloodless coup, in 1972. His full name was Ignatius Kutu Acheampong.

Belonging to the ashanti tribe, he instructed at the British Military Academy of Aldershot. As other African military career, he served in the UN forces in the Congo between 1962 and 1963, and then completed his training in the United States.UU, in the school of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After taking part in the overthrow of President K. Nkrumah in 1966 went on to manage the Administrative Committee of the Western region of the country, until 1968. A year later was appointed commander of the 5th battalion and later the 1st Brigade with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. On January 13, 1972, being the Prime Minister Kofi Busia in London following a medical treatment, he took power in a bloodless manner in front of a Council of national redemption (NRC), suspended the Constitution and dissolved the Parliament and political parties, justifying the coup by negative economic balance of the Busia Government, without specifying a date for the return to civilian rule.

Its immediate tasks of Government included a plan of economic recovery, which included nationalizations of foreign firms, the rejection of all liability of the foreign debt and the revaluation of the currency against the dollar. While in 1973 it gave signs of a timid political liberalization, in March 1975 it was a Supreme Military Council (SMC) as a new executive body. In March 1976 he ascended to general.

In foreign policy the Western line opened by the deposed government, to re-establish diplomatic relations with China (February 1972) and the Guinea loosened of A. Sékou Touré, (September 1972), excellent both in times of Nkrumah.

In March 1978 subjected to referendum a plan to share power with civilians, whose affirmative result interpreted as a support to their management. However, popular discontent, never silenced and aggravated by the social impact of runaway inflation, crystallized in a new coup on 5 July of the same year by his Chief of staff, lieutenant general Frederick Akuffo, who replaced him at the head of the SMC. When this in turn overthrown by Lieutenant J. Rawlings (June 4, 1979), Acheampong was arrested and summary military trial on charges of embezzlement of State funds. He was sentenced to death and executed on June 16, ten days before the military also ex-mandatario Akwasi Afrifa and Akuffo.

ROZ