Biography of Cecilio Acosta (1818-1881)

Writer, journalist, and humanist, born in San Diego de los Altos, State of Miranda, 3 February 1818 and died in Caracas on July 8, 1881.

Humble family, Cecilio Acosta received his first training from the priest Mariano Fernández Fortique. Along with Juan Vicente González, Rafael María Baralt and Fermín Toro, Acosta belongs to the intellectual generation of independence and the Republic. In 1831, in search of better training, he/she moved to Caracas where he/she entered to the Tridentine Seminary of Santa Rosa. There began the priestly career, which brought him solid knowledge in the classics and Latin language. There is no doubt that this training marked definitively the development of his thought.

In 1840 he/she left ecclesiastical studies and enrolled in philosophy and law at the Central University of Venezuela. Became known through his articles published in the newspapers: the time and the Federal, which was pondering the plight which transited among the country. Thus, Acosta began the construction of his thinking humanist and liberal fed up to his death.

In 1848 ended his studies at the University, without to thus improve their economic situation. In that same year he/she was appointed Secretary of the Faculty of Humanities of the University. He/She worked for some years as a teacher teaching professor of political economy in the year 1848 and the Universal law and Criminal in 1853. However, even participating in the sphere of opinion in the country, was always away from politics.

In 1856, he/she published one of his most important works on education: things known and things to know. Especially his work focused on the idea of progress and civilization, points addressed through specific themes such as: industry, immigration, electricity, property, history, education and legal system, among others.

During the Government of Guzmán Blanco, Acosta was maintained as a reference for future generations by establishing a channel of communication between the humanism of Andrés Bello and the new doctrines positivist and deterministic. Despite its importance, he/she died in poverty. His work was collected and reported in 1940 through various anthologies.