Biography of Federico Acosta Noriega (1908-1985)

Poet, Narrator, playwright, journalist, and Spanish judge born in Jaén on September 23, 1908 and died in Salamanca on September 10, 1985. Humanist fruitful and multi-faceted, cultivated with singular success poetry in traditional meter and left an extensive lyrical legacy characterized by its religious theme and its exaltation of the popular devotion of the Castilian Easter week.


Born in the bosom of a wealthy family (was the son of a notary who provided their services in the city of Jaén), toured the points most varied of Spain (Catalonia, Galicia, Extremadura and Castilla), depending on the destinations to which his father was sent during his childhood and adolescence. In the same professional footsteps of his father, he/she studied law at the University of Salamanca and, once licensed, he/she began working in the paternal office, then located in Aragon. There he/she met the girl Carmen Roda, that got married in the zaragozan town of La Almudia de Doña Godina.

Called ranks in the middle of Civil War, he/she reached the rank of staff Captain between national troops, a position that finished the fratricidal strife, it won him a job destination in the orensano village of Barco de Valdeorras. At this place he/she prepared some oppositions to the judiciary and, after they are approved, he/she was assigned as a Piedrahita de Castro (Zamora) County judge; soon after, he/she won by opposition a plaza of municipal judge in Puente Genil (Córdoba), and in this Andalusian village had complied with its labor obligations until he/she had news of a vacancy that had been in Zamora. He/She could, then, choose a new destination between Madrid and León city, and opted to return to those northern lands that was deeply in love.

So, on July 12, 1952 he/she took possession of the plaza de Zamora municipal judge, and during a good part of his life, due to the necessary Attaché offices, toured some of the major courts of the province, as the of Bermillo de Sayago, Villafáfila, Toro, Villalpando and Tabara, population is last in which spent more than seven years, and which identified so much that it became to be named adoptive son of the town. Meanwhile, his desired return to Zamora gave encouragement to undertake an intense journalistic and literary work which soon placed him among the figures most remarkable intellectuals locally, thanks to his constant journalistic collaborations published in dailies El mail de Zamora and Empire, and its often radio space "Three minutes at the microphone", issued by Radio Zamorain which magazine to the topicality of the region. Huge fan, in addition, the Fiesta Brava, stood out as an excellent bullfighting chronicler in his "Capotazos" radio program.

Its vast cultural formation and their special gift of people developed it in an entertaining and eloquent speaker, facet of his personality that directly entroncada with his passion for the rites and celebrations of the Holy week in Zamora, led him to be town crier of such religious solemnities in cities as diverse as Baracaldo, Madrid, Valladolid, Vigo (where announced acts of the Holy week of their adoptive land on two occasions) and the own Zamora (in which was town crier in 1976, culminating so one of the great dreams of his life). Cry that aroused the speech pronounced during his second appearance in Vigo led to his appointment as "Zamorano of Honor" and "Partner fee of the circle Zamorano", in where won you a medal of gold which, since then, wore permanently on a lapel. But their dissertations in public is not confined only to the theme of Zamora Semana Santa: also was town crier of these religious festivals in its old judicial fate of Puente Genil; town crier of festivities in many towns and cities of the province to which both loved (like Bull, Tábara, Fermoselle and the own capital of the province); and lecturer in forums as diverse as the "week of the bull" (Salamanca) and the "Congress of UFOlogy" (Barcelona). We should add, in respect of this intervention in public in last place, Federico Acosta was also keenly by new theories about the origin of the Cosmos and the existence of extraterrestrial beings, interested theme dedicated to the book entitled UFOs on Zamora.

At the time that unfolded this intense journalistic and literary work, Federico Acosta continued to exercise the judiciary until the time of his retirement (1978). According to his own testimony, during more than one quarter of a century as a judge let sentenced more than twenty-five thousand cases. He/She spent the last years of his life between Salamanca and Barcelona.


In his role as playwright, premiered in the city of Zamora four plays, two of them humorous - Julian 1956 and has lost a ghost - and the other two focused on stories and legends of the Zamora region - the mutiny of trout and when Zamora was United. The last two, written in verse, show the scope of their versificadora ability and his excellent mastery of the traditional metric forms of Spanish poetry. It was also the author of a piece that failed to be released, process for treason, in which, demonstrating their knowledge of historical, literary, and legal, subjected to a judicial process to Bellido Dolfos - assassin of King Sancho II(1038-1072) - following the procedural model of the 20th century.

His extensive lyric production (which earned him numerous literary awards, among them which granted him the title of "Poet of the Virgin", achieved thanks to their composition "White and blue") is composed of romances, tenths, sonnets and other metric forms from the best classic tradition of Spanish poetry. Most of his poems are dedicated to that Zamora land so loved ("A Zamora", "Remember", "The dream of the Castillo", "Song to Zamora", "Zamora blanket", "Tabara", "Butterflies of the Folguera", "The storks of Tabara", "La Folguera","piscino", "La Plaza de los Carros", "to the Queen of the festivities of Tabara", etc.), with a special predilection for the village of Fermoselle, border enclave between Spain and Portugal and place where the Tormes river empties its waters in the course of the Duero ("Canto Al Fermoselle", "female fermosellana", "Border Duero", "The Virgin of la Bandera", "Madrigal to la Reina de las Fiestas", etc.). His fondness for the art of Cúchares is also present in his poetry ("Closure", "The Bullfighter campaign", "to the Viti", etc.) and, of course, their deep Catholic faith, especially oriented to the exaltation of Saints, Marian dedications and solemn festivities of popular religiosity ("the Christ of humility", "A la Virgen de la Amargura", "Son of God", "El Domingo de Ramos"(, "To the Christ of olive groves", "Jesus lying", "The Christ of the third fall", etc.). No shortage of either in the lyric corpus of Federico Acosta old topics of universal poetry, as the joyful spring exaltation ("The spring of the old poet", "Spring of the Cosmos", "Canto to spring", etc.); or family poems, devoted mostly to his grandchildren ("Wake up the granddaughter", 'You already have two months' "Astronaut", "my granddaughter to five years", to "The piggy bank of my granddaughter", etc.). Precisely to their grandchildren going directed and dedicated also most of the work in prose of Federico Acosta Noriega, composed by various themed children's tales.