Biography of Francisco Acuña de Figueroa (1790-1862)

Uruguayan poet, born in Montevideo in 1790 and died in 1862, who is considered the founder of the national literature thanks in large part to the popularity of his Odes on facts and historical figures. He/She was director of the library and Museum public censor of theatre and a member of the Assembly of Notables. He/She wrote the lyrics of the national anthem of Uruguay, with music by Francisco Quijano, and also of Paraguay.

His literary activity was reflected in its participation in numerous poetical contests, with marked tendency of classical compositions. The political ideas of Acuña were always traditional (constant was its support to the monarchy) and his work is part of neoclassicism. After the victory of revolutionaries moved to Brazil where he/she continued writing (poetry cards) and did not return to his country until the 1930s, when it had proclaimed the independence of Uruguay.

His abundant work, disseminated in numerous publications of its time, they deserve to cited books poetry mosaic (1857) and anthology epigramatica (1890); but above all the burlesque epic composition La Malambrunada, where is guess certain signs of romanticism. His festive epigrams were Monteiro (to a cut ombú) and his Chronicles of bullfights written in verse (Toraidas).

He wrote a Chronicle about the events which took place in Montevideo on the revolution of José Gervasio Artigas against the Spaniards during the years 1812-1814. In this historical journal he/she dispensed with the bombastic tone of the epic texts to tell the facts in a realistic way.


BASAGODA, R. The work of Acuña de Figueroa and the literature of his time. Montevideo, 1942.