Biography of King of Asiria Adad-Nirari III (810-783 a.C.)

(Im-not-ra-ri). Assyrian king, son and successor of Shamshi-Adad V. Since he/she was underage when he/she ascended to the throne, the Regency was in the hands of his mother Sammurammat (the legend of Herodotus Semiramis ), for five years, which counted with the collaboration of important officials, including the powerful turtanu Nergal-ilia, for better control of the power of Assyrian and victoriously fight against Medes and maneos, as well as against the city of Guzana. Other seven campaigns in Media and four in Khubuskhia are known for anal. Reached the age of majority, Adad-nirari III continued with the usual Assyrian expeditions, especially those carried out against the King of Arpad (Syria), against the Khazazu region and several Phoenician, reaching the Mediterranean enclaves. In 806 BC attacked Damascus, which caused him the tribute of Mari, new King of the State, and the other princes in the area, and even King Jehoash of Israel. It also carried their weapons against Babylon, in a campaign that lasted for two years; However, he/she then restored the statues of the gods who had snatched the Babylonians, as well as the freedom he/she returned to Baba-akh-Iddina, captured by Shamshi - Adad V, at the time who signed the peace with them. Adad-nirari III in 22 of his Government laid the foundations of the Temple of Nabu at Nineveh, which was completed very quickly. The cult to the Babylonian God indicated a change in the Assyrian mentality toward his rival, Babylon, whose cultural heritage was believed depository such power. The King Adad-nirari III, who had managed to restore order in his empire through proper management - Guzana texts are significant for the life of an Assyrian province-, had to tolerate in his later years of reign the expansion of the Kingdom of Urartu (Kings Ishpuini, Menua and Argishti I) to the South of Armenia, stirring it to some vassals of Assyria territories. Very interesting are some of the stelae of Adad-Nirari III (of Tell al - Rimah, Saba ' a, for example) in joining the texts their own effigy appears. He/She was succeeded on the throne by Shalmaneser IV.