Biography of Gerry Adams (1952-VVVV)

Irish politician born in Belfast, Ireland of the North, in 1952. Destined to follow in the footsteps of his father, a fighter for the cause of the Republic which suffered brutality, Adams outlined in his youth as a great political activist since he/she started the war in Ulster between Catholics and unionist Protestant, in 1969.

In 1973, after his second arrest, Adams managed to escape from prison and crossed the border road from his native Ireland. Thereafter he/she became increasingly important positions in the party which had already begun to military, without Fein, nationalist organization that advocates for the national liberation of Ireland and having its military branch in the Irish Republican Army (IRA).

In 1972 he/she began the first cease-fire the IRA during which representatives of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams and Martin MacGuines, interviewed in London with the then-Minister for Ulster, William Whitelaw, but the meeting ended in failure.

In the period between 1973 and 1974, there was an attempt to share power between unionists and Catholics and the IRA declared its second truce that lasted almost a month. The following truce took place in 1975, when the British Government met in secret with Gerry Adams. The Downing Street Government freed hundreds of Republican prisoners, but the truce ended in failure to not reach any political settlement.

In 1982, Adams won a seat in the British Parliament, which never came to occupy, and two years later was named President of the organization. Paralysed negotiations due to the different than attacks by the IRA, the British Government banned the leaders of Sinn Fein, expressed by television.

In United Kingdom general elections were held in April 1992 and Sinn Fein leader lost the seat ten years before. Two days after these elections, Adams was accused of being behind two bombings that he/she perpetrated the IRA in London, in which 3 people were killed and other 90 were injured.

In 1993, Adams began a series of endless negotiations with the Government of Ireland. The intermediary was John Hume, leader of the social democratic labour party, with whom Adams drafted a document that was never released and which referred to the Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds.

On 9 June of this year, the Adams House suffered an attack that caused a concussion his wife Collette and his son Gearord. On August 31, 1994 the Sinn Féin welcomes an unprecedented event: the announcement of the IRA of a ceasefire permanent and unconditional; and September 1 was the first gesture of the Government of London: the transfer of 4 Irish terrorists from prison in London to the Ireland of the North.

Started this stage of peace, Adams met with the Irish Prime Minister, becoming the first leader of the without Fein who held a meeting with the authorities in Dublin. Shortly thereafter he/she traveled to United States in search of us support to the peace plan. In October of this year he/she participated in a multi-party meeting on the future of Ireland and a month later went, for the first time in 12 years, to London to present his book Selected writing, once the British authorities to lift the ban that weighed upon him.

But the truce was short-lived. February 9, the IRA detonated a car-bomb in the Docklands (East London) area causing two deaths and over 100 injuries. With this action broke the truce declared in 1994.

On 30 May 1996 elections were held in Northern Ireland, and Gerry Adams was elected for the constituency of West Belfast. The one may 1997 parliamentary election in the United Kingdom, with a victory of the Labour Party and the defeat of the Conservatives, were held which was the election of the new Prime Minister, Tony Blair. Everything seemed to indicate that they come times of negotiations and dialogue. The first good news occurred on July 19, when the IRA announced a new truce, and October 23 was the historic meeting between Gerry Adams and Prime Minister Tony Blair, in the castle of Stormont (Belfast), headquarters of the peace negotiations. After many days of work, finally, on 10 April 1998 signed the historic peace agreement for Ireland from the North in Stormont (Belfast), which was ratified by the Irish on 22 May.

According to conclusions signed at Stormont, the June 25 elections were held to choose the autonomous Northern Ireland Assembly, and Gerry Adams won a seat by 18 members, all of them made by Sinn Fein Belfast. Unionist David Trimble was elected Chief Minister of the Government coalition in Ulster, but in July 2001 resigned due to the delay of the IRA in compliance with the deadlines set at Stormont for disarmament. The peace process and institutional normality in Northern Ireland returned to suffer a dangerous stalemate that threatened to rekindle violence.

On 22 October 2001, Gerry Adams appealed to the IRA to make it inutilizara their arsenals and, a day later, the Irish Republican Army announced the imminence of disarmament, a historic step for peace in Ulster. The difficulties in the peace process delayed several years the assumption of this commitment which finally did not take place until the summer of 2005. On July 28 of that year, the IRA issued a statement in which formally ordered all its units put an end to the armed campaign and embrace democratic as a unique form of political action means.