Biography of Man Mohan Adhikari (1920-1999)

Nepalese politician, Prime Minister between 1994 and 1995, born in 1920 in Lazimpat (Kathmandu) and died on 26 April 1999.

After completing studies at the University of Benares (India), in 1942 he/she joined the independence movement in this country, which earned him a prison term of 18 months. On his return to Nepal (1947) was again imprisoned until 1950, this time for his political activities against the Royal family. In 1953 he/she became Secretary-General of the clandestine Communist Party of Nepal (CPN), Maoist-inspired, and between 1960 and 1969 suffered another detention, accused of trying to overthrow the monarchy. To the introduction of the multi-party system and the consequent legalization of the NPC, result of the pro-democracy demonstrations of the spring of 1990, acceded to the Presidency of the party, now as a unified Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML) tagged.

Second in the elections of May 12, 1991, the CPN-UML in 1993 organized a series of mass demonstrations against the Government of Girija Prasad Koirala. In the elections of November 15, 1994 won a simple majority, so the 30 following Adhikari formed Government alone, the first Communist formed in Asia by the parliamentary route. Having publicly expressed their loyalty to the monarchy, continued economic liberalization launched by previous Governments, in apparent acceptance of the market economy. In foreign policy he/she tried to improve relations with the powerful Indian neighbour, subject to recriminations in times of the opposition.

On September 10, 1995 Adhikari was shot down by a motion of censure tabled by the party loser in 1994, of the Nepali Congress, whose leader, Sher Bahadur Deuba, he/she became the Executive. The formation of Adhikari returned however to share tasks of power in the coalition Government formed on 12 March 1997 by the new Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand.