Biography of Papa Adriano VI (1459-1523)

Called Adriano Florensz; He/She was born in Utrecht (1459) in the midst of a humble family: his father was a craftsman; He/She died in Rome (1523). It occupied the Papal Throne from 1522 to 1523. Of humble origins, he/she studied philosophy, theology and Canon law, at the famous University of Leuven, where it would also practice teaching. Ordained priest, Adriano was a man committed to internal church reform humanist circle. In 1515 he/she went to Castile to defend rights of inheritance on the Hispanic kingdoms of Carlos V. In 1516 he/she was appointed Bishop of Tortosa and Inquisitor general of the Crown of Aragon with the Kingdom of Navarre. In 1517 he/she obtained the cap of Cardinals and, the following year, after the death of Cisneros, was named Inquisitor general of the Crown of Castile. Between 1520 and 1522, Cardinal Adriano held the Regency of the Crown of Castile during the absence of Carlos I of Spain for his imperial Coronation of Germany. During this period he/she had to quell the revolution of the communities of Castilla with the help of the Castilian nobility.

In 1522, at the death of Leo X the Emperor did appoint Pope against his will. Distinguished himself in his position by its austerity and charitable feelings and, from the outset, by the simplicity of their customs: rather than dealing with the sumptuous palaces of León X, stayed on the top floor of the Vatican with a servant, a Secretary and a housekeeper by any easement. It was reduced to 6000 ducats the salary of the Cardinals, fought the development of the art of the Renaissance, tried to stop the progress of Luther in Germany and worried about contain the Turks. When Saladin seized Rhodes, he/she sent letters pressing all Christian monarchs Assistant to the Knights of San Juan de Rodas, but his attempt failed. It remained neutral in the war between Carlos V and Francisco I, trying to unite them so that they fight together to the Ottomans, project that also failed. He/She came into the League against France formed by Carlos V, Enrique VIII and the Republic of Venice. Spain confirmed the right of actual presentation to the bishoprics which had already granted them in 1482. The removal of the corruption in the papal court earned him the enmity of the Cardinals and Roman prelates. You were was winning hatreds by his righteousness in this matter, until it died, the House of your doctor appeared decorated flower with this inscription: to the liberator of the homeland. But his charity earned him the love of the miserable ones, in compensation to the vexations suffered. Clement VIIsucceeded him. It occupies the number 222 of the Popes and ruled the Church for a year and eight months.