Biography of Graciliano Afonso y Naranjo (1775-1861)

Philosopher, poet, and Spanish politician born in La Orotava (Santa Cruz de Tenerife) on August 12, 1775 and died in Las Palmas, on August 18, 1861.

Son of Cristóbal Afonso, painter, and Petra Naranjo, lived his childhood and early youth in La Orotava, given by teachers to his own father and José Acosta, perhaps the first to aficionar you to the classical languages. The 18 March 1790 he/she moved, as medium, a pensioner at the Conciliar seminar of the Palmas.En 1797, probably moved to the Peninsula to study law at the University of Alcalá, seems to have been on this trip when, captured their boat by an English frigate, they were led to Lisbon and released by intervention of the Princess Charlotte. In 1799 already is Professor of ethics and logic at the seminary, though he/she returned to the Peninsula in 1805 - presumably - and scale in Mogador and reef. In 1806 he/she was appointed Professor of philosophy at the seminary, since that renounces the following year by winning a PhD canonry.

Since their years of Alcalá had shown decided inclination towards new philosophical ideas, which did not prevent him being also a man of action: at least took part in the escape from jail of his brother Robert and two other prisoners, prisoners suspected of murder of a student. In 1808 the arrival of news about the events of the Peninsula moving to the Canary Islands, giving great prominence to the doctoral, Patriot from day one and therefore antiafrancesado. Yellow fever and vomiting black influence in Gran Canaria in 1811, allow you to demonstrate its virtues. So that it is always in the center of the life of the Islands: before the claim of many of create a new diocese in Tenerife, it shows antidivisionista, alleging jansenist principles. This problem, among others. He/She would face him with Cristóbal Bencomo, and is alive still when Afonso in 1821 is elected Deputy Canarias.Aparte of the unity of the diocese, was in favour of patriotic societies, and pistoyano Madrid, and was part of the ecclesiastical Commission of the courts responsible for the final settlement of the clergy in Spain. According to a list of the General archive of Palencia used Masonic Molay name. In November 1823 he/she began his exile, after passing through las Palmas, led him to the United States - apparently-, Venezuela, Trinidad and Puerto Rico. These American years will be years of intense poetic creation, bucolic and prerromantica. He/She returned in 1838, originating a new lawsuit to claim his overdue salary, but proving their category in the new epidemic of yellow fever that hit the Islands. Until his death remained always the most refined regalism, and with it, as it says weapons Ayala, disappeared the last representative of the regalism on the Canary Islands.


Archivo General de Palencia. Reserved roles, 87.

WEAPONS AYALA, Alfonso: Graciliano Afonso, a Spanish prerromantico. The lagoon, 1963.