Hindu religious and political leader, born in Karachi (India, now Pakistan) on November 2, 1877 and died in Versoix (Switzerland) on July 11, 1957. He/She was the only son of Aga Khan II, who succeeded as Imam of the Ismaili sect in 1885.
Under the guidance of his mother, belonging to House Iranian ruler, received a careful education that integrating Eastern and Western points of view that a man of astonishing breadth of perspectives made him and led him to move quickly to a position of leadership among the Muslims of the India. In 1906 he/she spearheaded the Muslim delegation to the viceroy, Lord Minto, to defend the interests of the Muslim minority in the India; He/She was President of the Muslim League of India in its first years and contributed with funds and their effort to the transformation of the Aligarh Muslim College at a prestigious University, culminating in 1920.
With the outbreak of the first world war, Aga Khan III gave his support (and his followers) to the Allied cause (see allies), but in the subsequent Peace Conference insisted that Turkey was treated with indulgence. It played an important role in the round of conferences that were held in London between 1930 and 1932 about the constitutional reform of the India. Also represented his country in the Conference on Disarmament held in Geneva in 1932 and in the Assembly of the League of Nations in the same year (and then between 1934 and 1937). During the second world war he/she lived in Switzerland, retired from political activity. He/She was also famous as thoroughbred breeder and owner of one of the most valuable blocks of the world in the years prior to World War II.