Biography of Gregorio Aglipay y Labayán (1870-1940)

Filipino Catholic priest born in Batao Municio (Ilocos Norte, Philippines) on May 7, 1870 and died in 1940. Of humble origin, but with overcoming cravings, moved to Manila to carry out there his studies; then came in the seminar of Ilocos, where was ordained priest in 1889. Supporter of the independence of his country, supported initially American troops, thinking that the presence of the same supported independence. When he/she realized the intention by the invaders, was on the side of the Philippine Revolutionary Army. After play the position of chaplain in the army, he/she served as ecclesiastical Governor of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia. Ignoring the legitimate ecclesiastical authority, he/she began to organize the filipino clergy, until the Archbishop p. Nozaleda excommunicated it for schismatic and usurper of authority. Defeated the insurrection and wanting to give samples of subservience to the Catholic Church, he/she entered a Jesuit convent to perform spiritual exercises; but before finishing them he/she left the residence and joined other priests and laity founded in 1902, who called Church Philippine independent, rationalist and nationalist; in it they conserved the rites of the Catholic Church, but they denied some of their dogmas and the authority of the Pope. As a unifying element of the independentist and nationalist fervor, this church came to collect in 1918 almost two million followers, which later dropped to some 100,000. In the second half of the 20th century returned to collect new force, so that, according to some, the "aglipayismo" (as it is known to this movement) has come to bring together one-tenth of the total population of the Philippines.