Biography of Ignacio Agramonte y Loinaz (1841-1873)

Politician, lawyer and Cuban military, born in Port au Prince, today Santiago de Cuba, in the province of Camagüey on December 23, 1841 and died in May of 1873, who was Chairman of the Committee of Camagüey and drafted the first Constitution of the Republic of Cuba.

It belonged to one of the more prestige and money of Camagüey, like his wife Amalia Simoni Argilagos families. He/She studied law in Havana and in 1867 entered the legal career. Since the early years of the University he/she was attracted by the ideas of independence and joined groups that advocated and fought for the freedom of Cuba, from the cloisters. In 1868 while his training was strictly academic, he/she joined the forces of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes in the insurrection of La Demajagua and was in charge of directing the rebels in the province of Camagüey. Later, according to lawns he/she served as Commander of the revolutionary forces.

On December 27, 1868 he/she was a delegate to the constituent Assembly of Guáimaro who tried to protect the fledgling democracy and institutionalizing the revolution, although it hampered the war guidance (see the ten years war). A Constitution that gave Republican form the Government on weapons and set the final objectives and methods was drafted. At that same meeting was issued the first Cuban law of abolition of slavery who drafted and signed Agramonte; Although it only had effect in the territories dominated by the revolutionaries, it was a significant precedent that forced Spain to bring into effect the law that freed the slaves under 11 years of age and older than 60. The Moret law, name of the liberal politician who promoted it, had little effect, but the two laws both the Cuban and Spanish marked the beginning of the end of slavery.

In February 1869, commissioned by the Assembly, Agramonte drafted the first Constitution of the Republic of Cuba. When the captain general Domingo Dulce arrived on the island Sunday, Agramonte, as President of the Comité de Camagüey, held with several talks without reaching any agreement. The situation was difficult, the Government of sweet faced to the freedom fighters and the battalions of volunteers defending the interests of the financial elite peninsular. In 1870 to repressive measures against the Creole revolutionaries, Agramonte resigned from legislative representations to take active part in the fight and was appointed major general Chief of the division of Camagüey.

With a brand new Republic and many interests competing between their leaders, it was impossible that not arise different views leading to clashes. Some times were people allocated to the different positions of the Government, others by the grip on power that certain members exercised and the more delicate by the military headquarters that collided head-on with the civil interests. Differences arising with Carlos Manuel de Céspedes was forced to resign. However, he/she later returned to battlefields to fight for the freedom of his companion Sanguily, that prisoner had fallen into the hands of the Spanish troops. From that moment they were numerous encounters with the forces of realistic, in one of them, in the battle of Jumaguayu lost his life when he/she had not complied with the 32 years.

Bibliography

Lopez CIVEIRA, f., LOYOLA VEGA, o. and SILVA LEÓN, A. Cuba and its history. La Habana, Editorial Gente Nueva, 1998.

Martinez ARANGO, f. heroes of Santiago de Cuba. Havana, 1920.

MORENO FRAGINALS, M. Cuba / Spain, Spain / Cuba, common history. Barcelona, Editorial Grijalbo Mondadori, 1998.

VV. AA. history of Cuba, the colony. La Habana, Instituto de Historia de Cuba, publisher policy, 1994.