Biography of Cristina Aguilá (s. XX)

Spanish playwright of the 20th century, of which there are no known other data than those related to the five plays that left written and edited. No other reference could not be found, either, to its possible creative works in other literary genres, and is also ignored if was author of some other dramatic work whose title does not appear among the five that can be attributed with certainty to his pen.

However, the study and comparison of the five works can be removed numerous reports which contribute to delimit the biographical profile, the character and ideology of Cristina Aguilá. Thus, we know that in 1933 was a teacher at one of the schools Catholic from the sacred heart of María Inmaculada, of Barcelona, since in the spring of that year he/she won, with his work entitled Germanes d'anima - written in catalan-, first prize in the scenic pictures contest between the educandas enrolled in the school. This data you can also infer that the author was Catalan, and probably born in Barcelona

All his known works are written in order to be represented in a girls Catholic College, with the own students who embody the roles of the text. This explains that he/she is works extremely short and simple, without any complexity, dramatic, with a simple language - even if burdened, not infrequently, by a cursilona and sentimental rhetoric-, conceived with didactic and moralizing, purpose and plagued almost exclusively of female characters. The vision of the woman who offers Cristina Aguilá in his works does not depart an iota of the idealistic and exemplary model proposed by the Catholic Church, consisting of obedient daughters, self-sacrificing mothers, submissive wives and grandmothers caring and sympathetic, all of them possessing an irreproachable moral character.

His first known work is the aforementioned Germanes d'anima, a dramatic picture child, written in prose, which premiered at the Salon-teatro of the cited schools Catholic of the sacred heart of María Inmaculada, on the occasion of the celebration of the day of San Juan of 1933. In its original version, written in catalan, deserved the honours of the printing press a year later (Barcelona: Foment de Pietat, 1934), but it was translated into Spanish and, under the title of soul mates, given to the printing press to swell the titles in the collection "Female Catholic scene" (Barcelona: Editorial Balmes, 1942).

Later, Cristina Aguilá composed time is gold, a scenic picture written in verse and composed of an Act, a prologue and an epilogue. Also written in catalan, and then translated into Spanish, this table shows the scene divided into two distinct areas, in order to show - so Manichean from the point of view morals as clumsy from the perspective of dramatic construction - contrast copy between the attitudes of two girls from their school obligations: one, applied and diligently; the other, lazy and disobedient. Premiered on June 24, 1936, in the quoted Theatre classroom of the school of the author, this work went through the printing press (already translated into Spanish) six years later (Barcelona: Editorial Balmes, 1942).

Also on the occasion of the festivities celebrated the day of San Juan from 1940 premiered, in the schools Catholic from the sacred heart of María Inmaculada, the third dramatic piece of Cristina Aguilá, a picture of "typical scenes" written in verse and composed of one Act, entitled Verbena and dawn, that saw the light at the end of two years (Barcelona(: Publishing Balmes, 1942). In order to mark a religious festival was serving the fourth work of the Catalan author, del rosario (Barcelona: Editorial Balmes, 1942), although this time was intended to honor the Virgin of Pilar October 12, 1941, date in which its implementation took place on stage. It is a dramatic picture written in verse and composed of a single act, which aims to reform with the exemplary benefits reporting - always according to the author - the fact to pray the family rosary.

Finally, Cristina Aguilá composed the award of the grandmother, a "given in an Act and in prose scenic lesson", work on the same stage the previous four, premiered on June 24, 1942, and published a year later (Barcelona: Editorial Balmes, 1943).


-CERVERA, Juan. Criticism of the Spanish child theatre history (Madrid: Editora Nacional, 1982).

-It SNOWS peace pillar. Spanish dramatic authors between 1918 and 1936 (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1993).

-CONCRETE, Juan Antonio (dir.) Authors in the history of the Spanish Theatre (1500-1994). (Madrid: publications of the Association of Directors of scene of Spain, 1996). 2 vols.