Biography of Francisco Aguilar Barquero (1857-1924)

Costa Rican politician born on May 21, 1857 and died in San José on 11 October 1924. He/She was President of the Republic between 1919 and 1920.

San Luis Gonzaga studied at the College. He/She studied law and graduated as a lawyer, who worked for most of his life. His political career began as Governor of Carthage. He/She left this position to take charge of the Secretariat of war and Navy in the Government of Bernardo Soto. Subsequently he/she returned to legal practice and was appointed President of the Bar Association. For a time was devoted to the teaching of the law, then returned to political life as municipal mayor of San José. He/She served as interim of the Supreme Court of Justice and deputy magistrate at the Constitutional Congress. Subsequently he/she was Vice-President of the Congress.

After the third Manager appointed to the Presidency the following year expire during the mandate of Alfredo González Flores said mandate, 1918, he/she was appointed President of the Republic, a position he/she held between 1919 and 1920. His election was marked by controversy, since questioned the legality of the same to have been appointed by the previous Government, but the difficult internal and external situation in Costa Rica made possible its choice: at that time, the United States of America threatened to Costa Rica to intervene militarily in the country if the appointed Juan Bautista Quirós was elected President, so Congress decided to appoint to such charge Francisco Aguilar.

Francisco Aguilar accepted power as dictator and not as President. That was the only condition to take charge of the Presidency. This condition had been marked by troubled internal situation necessitating, in eyes of Aguilar, that the Presidency had wide powers to ensure domestic order.

During their just eight months of Government was an administrator right, organized the economy and halt the growing debt of Costa Rica; You searched for inner peace and restored the liberties; it annulled all payments made by the State that were not previously budgeted. In 1920, and despite pressure from his circle of collaborators, he/she resigned from the Presidency and handed power over to the Congress that will convene new elections.

On 10 March 1923 he/she was appointed Benemérito de la Patria. On October 11 of the following year he/she died in San José.

JACJ.