Biography of Manuel Aguilar Chávez (1913-1957)

Poet, Narrator, journalist and Salvadoran politician, born in San Salvador on March 20, 1913, and died in dramatic circumstances in Soyapango, on November 30, 1957, killed by Gumercindo Menéndez. As so many other men of letters Spanish American of his time, he/she joined as a humanistic facet of writer, journalist and public man, circumstances that led him to play an outstanding role in the cultural landscape of the Salvadoran nation during the first half of the 20th century.

After completing his primary and secondary training at the prestigious colegio San Luis, joined the Faculty of law of the University of El Salvador, where he/she attended his law career. However, his true vocation inclined him more into the world of writing, both in its creative side plot that linked it to the extensive field of journalism. Thus, with little more than twenty years of age became part of the literary group Crucible, located in the Salvadoran city of Santa Ana, and shortly after began collaborating regularly in the mainstream media of the small Central American Republic. During almost three decades (specifically, from 1935 until 1948) practiced active journalism, as editor in various newspapers in El Salvador, and finally ended up take the direction of two of the most outstanding Rotary in their country: the journal of the West and the Tribune.

This fertile and incessant activity on the journalistic compositions allowed him to assume important public functions in the service of the Salvadoran administration, where he/she worked first as a Chief of the Department of press of the Ministry of public health, then as delegate of El Salvador in the assemblies of the United Nations (1949), and later as a representative of his country in the Inter American press (1950). In addition, he/she served as for some time Secretary staff of the first lady of the nation, Doña Coralia Lemus.

In his role as a literary creator, Manuel Aguilar Chávez has become the history of his country had been the first Narrator that knew how to adapt the customs from the rural area in which was being exploited to new spaces urban, increasingly relevant in the Salvadoran socio-cultural reality of their time. Noted for its cultivation of the genus cuentistico, his stories were collected in pure stories, an interesting collection which, in posthumous, was born in 1959. In addition, the rest of his literary production should rescue the works titled the school you have dreamed of José Antonio and journey to hell through Pespire, where you left the literary testimony of their passage through the water eye Honduran prison, in 1944.


RODS-DINARTE, Carlos. School dictionary of Salvadoran authors (San Salvador: National Council for culture and art [CONCULTURA], Directorate of publications and printed materials, 1998).