Biography of Florestán Aguilar (1872-1934)

Cuban doctor, born in Havana in 1872 and died in Madrid in 1934. He/She first studied in Madrid and then moved to Philadelphia, where earned a doctorate in dental surgery ("dental surgery") by the Dental College in 1889. He/She then returned to Spain and settled in Cádiz, where he/she stayed between 1890 and 1895; There it reached great prestige and even be elected Deputy Mayor at the Town Hall. He/She founded a deposit dental and the dentistry magazine, of which he/she was director until his death.

In 1896, permanently installed in Madrid, he/she convened a meeting in which was designated a Commission he/she chaired and which formed part Ramón Portuondo and Cayetano Triviño, responsible for managing the creation of the studies and the title of dentist by public authorities. On the occasion of the celebration in Chicago, that same year, the international dental Congress, Aguilar presented a report to this Committee on the status of teaching and the profession following his participation in Europe and America, and proposed a regulation for the creation of a school of dentistry that would be integrated into the Faculty of medicine, whose Foundation was considered essential. The campaign initiated then culminated in 1900, when studies of dentistry, which is accessed after approving the first two courses of the medical degree were created at the Faculty of Medicine of Madrid. In addition, Aguilar was appointed first Professor of the discipline of acting mode. For this reason, the Ministry of public instruction requested authorization to study the operation of the leading dental schools in the world. Granted this authorization, by Royal order of July 24, 1902, he/she visited educational institutions of dentistry in France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Russia, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, England and United States, and collected a good number of dental education data contained in the report, which gave the corresponding Minister dated November 20 of the same year. After got the modification of the curriculum in order to give the profession a scientific character of the first order. Finally, in 1914, the school of dentistry was created and Aguilar was appointed tenured professor.

From 1895 he/she lived in Madrid, where he/she won in a short time a solid reputation; It came to be named, in 1900, dentist of the Spanish Royal House and shortly afterwards, of their counterparts from Bavaria and Austria. It intervened decisively in the Foundation of the Spanish odontological society and the international Dental Federation, of which he/she was President from 1926 to 1931. He/She was also Secretary of the Spanish League against Cancer. Since its creation in 1927, he/she joined the Board of the University City of Madrid, project that was enthusiastic propeller from a position very close to the monarch Alfonso XIII. In this sense, his frequent trips abroad, mainly to the United States, favoured contacts with institutions such as the Rockefeller Foundation and the Carnegie, which were important for the execution of the projected works. With the proclamation of the Republic in 1931 was restructured the Board, from which they were excluded King and own Aguilar.

In its effort to achieve the greatest degree of professionalization of dentistry, it stimulated the creation of the colleges of dentists, who systematically fought the intrusion in the profession. He/She was the organizer of all dental meetings in Spain and Honorary President of numerous societies; He/She was also decorated with the highest distinctions in different countries. In 1928, Alfonso XIII awarded him the title of Viscount of Casa-Aguilar, and in 1931, awarded at the international Dental Congress of Paris Müller, the highest distinction of the specialty. On June 7, 1933 he/she entered the Royal Academy of medicine in Madrid with a speech which dealt with the Castilian origin of prognathism in the dynasties that reigned in Europe, where he/she stressed the importance of the Act to represent the culmination of a process which started just did about four decades, when "in Spain had not been performed yet the scientific and social evolution of dentistry". After suffering from a progressive loss of vision that gradually undermined his health, died one year later, shortly before receiving a global tribute organized by the colleges of dentists.

Bibliography.

Sources.

The Dental Uses you Nitrous Oxyde (doctoral thesis), Philadelphia, 1849. The schools of dentistry in the United States, Madrid: IMP. Dentistry, 1903. "Facial restorations, Madrid: E. Teodoro, 1917."Castilian origin of prognathism of dynasties that reigned in Europe", in the century medical, 91, 1933, pp. 614-627, 642-649.

Studies.

CARLAN, D.: "have killed a man!", in the century medical, 92, 1934, pp. 613-615.numero extraordinary memory of Florestan Aguilar in the odontology, 44, 1935, pp. 7-423.GALLASTEGUI ITURBE: Spanish 19th century Dentistry: influence of Florestan Aguilar in the development of the same, Madrid, Universidad Complutense, Faculty of medicine, Department of dentistry, prophylaxis and orthodontics, 1981.