Biography of Francisco Aguilera Egea (1857-1931)

Military and Spanish politician, born in Ciudad Real, the year 1857, and died in Madrid, in 1931.

francisco Aguilera was a soldier with prestige during the dictatorship of general Primo de Rivera. He/She took part in the war of independence of Cuba. In 1909 he/she participated in the campaign of Melilla, and two years later the Tetouan, always acting with courage and bravery, which provided him with a high prestige and influence within the Spanish army. It was part of the Government's concentration consisting of García Prieto, as Minister of war, between the months of April and June from the year 1917. In 1923 his name circulated among potential candidates to play the dictatorship in Spain, a fact that he/she himself hastened to corroborate publicly declaring themselves favorable to the establishment of a strong, authoritarian Government as only political exit to the socio-political morass that had been suffering the country. In that same year he/she was appointed President of the Supreme Council of war and Navy, until the year 1926, where he/she conducted a military purge against those responsible for the disaster of Annual, that took place on June 22 in the year 1921, whereby the rifian troops of Abd el-Krim crushed Spanish army causing 12,000 casualties in the Spanish troops and ruining the task of twelve years of effective Spanish presence in Morocco. At the time of the request for the waiver to prosecute general Berenguer, Francisco Aguilera wrote a stiff letter to the ex-President of the Government, Joaquín Sánchez de Toca, which became a real scandal when the latter made it public. Sánchez de Toca was fervent supporter of search responsibilities of the Annual disaster within the military sphere, leaving aside the political civil, as well as advocating a line of Government that emphasized the supremacy of civilian authority over the military. francisco Aguilera had a serious clash in the Senate with another "civil law", Sánchez Guerra, who delivered a sound slap in public, on July 3, the year 1923, which ended with the alleged race to the dictatorship of the general.

During all the dictatorship of general Primo de Rivera, Francisco Aguilera held serious clashes with the new political regime, becoming the symbol of the military opposition to the Government. The disagreement between two generals was every more accused. It crystallized the 24th of June in the year 1926, when Francisco Aguilera nominally headed the attempted uprising against the dictatorship, called Sanjuanada, because it took place the night of the day of San Juan. francisco Aguilera counted with the collaboration of the second Colonel García, Lieutenant Colonel Bermúdez de Castro and with the prestigious general Valeriano Weyler, besides all a heterogeneous group of forces political and intellectual in the country, with such important figures as Melquíades Álvarez, the count of Romanones, the Republican Alliance of José Giral, and a large number of intellectuals of the stature of Ortega y Gasset, Antonio Machado, Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Gregorio Marañón According to the manifesto launched by this group of people and political groups, what was intended was to save the monarchy and differentiate yourself from patterns and political corruption that had been practiced since the times of the restoration, and give a touch of attention to the disastrous policy practiced by the authoritarian Government of general Primo de Rivera. Philatelists movement failed, and with it the political career of Francisco Aguilar, who now wouldn't get a charge more in haphazard Spanish politics of the moment. However, from its position of military prestige followed encouraging measures conspirators against the Government of Primo de Rivera: headed in 1929 called conspiracy of the gunners, also aborted. Finally, in 1931, Manuel Azaña, Minister de Guerra of the nascent Spanish II Republic, appointed him general captain shortly before removing the charge of the Spanish military nomenclature. That same year he/she died in Madrid.


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