Biography of Emiliano Aguilera García (1905-1975)

Writer, journalist and art critic Spanish born in Madrid on April 9, 1905 and died in Barcelona on June 30, 1975. He/She is remembered mostly for having been a critic of art and theatre in the Socialist newspaper, as well as by its intense editorial work; It is responsible for a vast work that moves from one hundred books published, without leaving aside his journalistic work, which led him to collaborate with various print media, like the Heraldo de Madrid, the liberal, destination, the Gazette of fine arts and the Argentine newspaper La Nación, besides having been editor and Manager of renewal. He/She also cultivated the caricature.

His first published work was nudity in art in 1932, followed many artistic, including disclosure by the factories of tapestries Madrid (1934), the Buen Retiro porcelain in the Municipal Museum of Madrid (1934), nudity in Spanish painting (1935) or the black paintings of Goya (1935), without forgetting the numerous articles published in the same decade of the thirties of the 20th century, as well as a series of monographs on artists of renown, such as Greco, Goya, Julio Romero de Torres, Sorolla, Soria Aedo and Julio Moses.

Ultimately, Aguilera García developed an intense publishing activity of dissemination of classical and modern art from Spain. His work was recognized with the award Marquis Luca de Tena for his work in 1931, the same year in which he/she joined the boards of the Municipal Museum in Madrid and the Museo del Traje. He/She was also Professor of theory and history of the graphic arts at the national school in Madrid. This should add to have been sworn in national and international competitions of fine arts.

In 1939, at the end of the Civil War, Aguilera García went to France, where he/she remained until 1943. His "retirement" ended at that time, since he/she resumed his work on his return to Madrid with a publishing activity more intense if it were possible that before, often signed under pseudonym (used, above all, the "Ignacio de Beryes" and "Marcelo Abril"). This stage should be noted Ignacio Zuloaga, and a way to see Spain (1944), the monographs of El Greco and Rubens (1944) and Murillo (1946), the life and paintings of Goya (1945), Joaquín Sorolla or full light from our painting (1945), Spanish painters of the 18th century (1946), drawings and engravings by Goya (1946), history of dance (1946), Eduardo Rosales (1947) and passion and tragedy of Isadora Duncan (1947).

The bibliographic corpus of Emiliano Aguilar García comprises thirty-five original works, most dedicated to the history of the fine arts, six signed with the pseudonym, more than sixty books on different subjects, more those annotated, neopopularistas or commented on by him and collaborations with dictionaries and encyclopedias. His editorial work was kept alive until shortly before his death, since he/she left it in 1972.