Biography of Hernando Aguilera (s. XVI)

Spanish astronomer, born and died in date unknown, who served as his teaching at Salamanca to 1560.

To 1545 he/she visited Rome in the company of his brother Juan Aguilera. Related to Andrés Laguna and other Spanish nationals living in the papal court in that city and attended scientific meetings that all took place in the Palazzo Colonna. The death of his brother, in 1560, it replaced en la cátedra de Salamanca, Chair which served until 1576.

Continuing the task initiated by Juan de Aguilera, actively intervened to make the work of Copernicus is included in the statutes of the University of Salamanca from 1561. The inclusion, in the final phase of drafting of the above-mentioned statutes, is due to the appeal Hernando de Aguilera submitted against the original manuscript document signed by Felipe II and approved by the Council of Castile. There is, however, no documentary evidence or testimony about whether Aguilera came to teach, in fact, from his chair, the doctrine of Copernicus. The statutes left "to the vote of the listeners' choice between 'The Almagest of Ptolemy, or the Epitome of Regio Monte, Geber or Copernicus'. According to the visit by the Chair of astrology books studied by Fernández Álvarez, Aguilera readings consisted of: elements, Euclid, the sphere, according to the text of Johannes de Sacrobosco, through some of the different editions and versions of this work, the Almagest of Ptolemy (parts of the work), theoretical planets and Alfonso X tablesAstrolabe, cosmography, of Pedro Appian and Reiner Gemma Frisius and astrology, according to Alchabitius. In any case, what can not be fully rejected is the hypothesis that Aguilera, exposing the sphere or the planetary motions, incorporated or comment on specific aspects of the contributions of Copernicus, but the core of his new theory: the movement of the Earth. (See astronomy).


BUSTOS TOVAR, Eugenio, "The introduction of the theories of Copernicus in the University of Salamanca", Journal of the Royal Academy of exact, physical and natural sciences, no. 67 (1973), pp. 235-253.

FERNÁNDEZ ALVAREZ, Manuel: Copernicus and his footprint in Baroque Salamanca, Salamanca, Salamanca University, 1974.