Biography of Demetrio Aguilera Malta (1909-1981)

Ecuadorian writer born in Guayaquil on May 24, 1909, and died in Mexico on December 28, 1981. With his writings he/she helped renew the Ecuadorian narrative from the early 1930's. Until 1922 he/she lived in the estate of his father located at isla San Ignacio, in the Gulf of Guayaquil. In this year went to study at the colegio Vicente Rocafuerte de Guayaquil, where besides of was formed in traditional studies in the art of painting and music. The event that would mark his life in those years was the meeting with Joaquín Gallegos Lara, which he/she said caused him "a real glare".

Already by then began publishing his first poems in magazines such as stickers and La Prensa. He/She began studies in law, but soon abandoned them. In 1929 printed in mimeograph his work the book of mangroves, illustrated by himself; that same year triumphed in the art Hall of the municipality with its caricature as Triana, sees it as the pattern looks, and won a special award for his work in wood and pyrography. He/She worked as a journalist in various newspapers in Ecuador, and in the Panama during the year he/she lived in that country. In 1930, along with Joaquín Gallegos Lara and Enrique Gil Gilbert the book published it will (1930), which marks a milestone in the Ecuadorian literature and work that initiated the course of social protest in the Ecuador. Three years later he/she appeared in Madrid, the most important of his novels, Don Goyo (1933).

Awarded a scholarship by the Ministry of education he/she traveled to Spain to study literature in 1935. As soon is outbreak of the civil war in that country, he/she acted on it as a war reporter, and then wrote other works inspired by those events: Madrid, the Spanish Revolution through two prints of Anthony Eden and loyal Spain (1937). From 1955, he/she established his residence in Mexico, because he/she had married the Mexican Velia Márquez Inclán in 1953. Some of the positions he/she held were those of Undersecretary of education and Director of the National Museum, under the dictatorship of General Enríquez Gallo; Director of the cultural Embassy in Chile, cultural attaché in Brazil and Ambassador of Ecuador in Mexico, under the Government of his nephew Jaime Roldós Aguilera. He/She was a founding member of the House of the Ecuadorian culture of the Ibero-American community of writers and of the Latin American culture House. He/She lectured in Latin American universities and several of the United States. After his death, his body was cremated and his ashes scattered over the waters of the Gulf of Guayaquil, as he/she had wished.

Other of his works are, in theatre: Lazarus (1939, which tells the story of Professor Lázaro Ronquillo and Chancleta that balances must do to survive with his low salary); Blue blood (1946); Two easy to comedies (1950), Tiger (1956), white teeth (1960); in 1970 he/she published in Guayaquil a compilation of his drama in theater full. In narrative: some American episodes under the titles of the hair from the Sun, the Don Quixote of el Dorado, a new Sea King and the General of Bolivar, all of them between 1964 and 1965; Canal Zone (1935, testimony about the canal area colonized by Americans, a book that would lead him to the prohibition of entering the United States for several years), the Virgin Island (1942), a cross in Sierra Maestra (1960, stories), black hell (1967, about the abuses of whites against blacks in the United States), seven moons and seven snakes (1970, cholo atmosphere and amazing and magical realism)The kidnapping of the General (1971), Jaguar (1977) and Requiem by the Devil (1978). In 1927, he/she published in collaboration with Jorge Pérez Concha, the book of poems entitled spring inside. Also made any incursion, although unsuccessfully, in the field of cinema, with two films: the infinite chain (1949, based on his novel land of hope) and between two carnivals (shot in Brazil).

In 1971, Aguilera Malta was awarded the Gold Medal of his hometown and Honoree during the meeting of Latin-American writers in Guayaquil. The President Oswaldo Hurtado Larrea awarded him, in 1981, the Gran Premio Nacional Eugenio mirror culture. At his death he/she left written several stories about a soccer player, intending to publish under the title of Pindar balls. Aguilera Malta is one of the forerunners of the new Spanish-American narrative.