Biography of Baldomero Aguinaldo (1869-1915)

Revolutionary and filipino independence leader, born in Binakayan (province of Cavite, Luzon) on February 27, 1869 and died in Manila on February 4, 1915, who was one of the closest collaborators of his cousin Brother Emilio Aguinaldo - first President of the Republic of the Philippines - as a member of the revolutionary and general government of the independence army during the wars against Spain and the United States.

Born in a family of mestizo chino-filipinos, Baldomero received a fine education, first in his hometown and then in Ateneo de Manila and the University of Santo Tomas in the capital, where he/she studied the discipline of law. However, once concluded studies suspended testing access to the legal profession, which led him to perform various bureaucratic offices (Registrar, Secretary of court). After the outbreak of the independence revolution of 1896 he/she joined the Katipunan in Cavite, was appointed Chairman of its Board. Known by the nickname of Captain Berong, Baldomero was above all organizational tasks due to their training and experience in legal matters, although it also took an active part in the armed struggle as one of the heads of the contingent of Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo began to collect full prominence for its determined resistance against the Spanish troops at DalahicanZapote (February 1897) and Salitran (March 1897). As President of the Magdalo Council was also an outstanding participation in the Tejeros Convention, which caused the Schism with the faction led by Andrés BonifacioMagdiwang, and then formed part of the court martial which sentenced him.

To the form of the first revolutionary Government, he/she was appointed by Emilio to take charge of the portfolio of Ecofin (April 1897), since from which collaborated in the drafting of the Constitution of Bulacan and politico-juridicas bases of the first independent Philippine Republic. Proclaimed this (November 1897) he/she was appointed to the post of Minister of the Treasury, but shortly after he/she was forced from the exile of Hong Kong together with top Filipino leaders as a result of the signing of the peace of Byak-Na-Bato (December 1897). Spanish colonial rule collapsed, returned to the Islands in June 1898, passing immediately joined the new Philippine Revolutionary Government as Secretary of war and public works, the same post which then served in the Cabinet of Apolinario Mabini (January 1899). During this time he/she stressed for supporting the policy of Emilio Aguinaldo in his conflicts with other internal factions of the Philippine side at all times.

Broken hostilities with the United States (February 1899), Baldomero Aguinaldo was put in command of the pro-independence troops in the South of Luzon, fighting the enemy in the province of Isabela, but he/she was soon captured and taken into custody by U.S. authorities. Once the conflict it was released and lived thereafter in its plantation of Silang retired from all public activity. From 1912 until the time of his death, caused by heart failure, he/she was Honorary President of the Association of Veterans of the Philippine Revolution.