Biography of Francisco de [conquistador español] Aguirre (1508-1581)

Conqueror and Spanish military, born in 1508 in the town of Talavera de la Reina and died in 1581 in the Chilean city of La Serena.

Son of Hernando de la Rúa and Constanza de Meneses, followed the military career, and was still very young, joined the army to take part in the war against Italy; Special mention deserves his outstanding performance during the sack of Rome in 1527. The conclusion of the Italian campaigns, he/she returned to Spain and married his cousin María de Torres, which had five children. In 1940 he/she decided to start heading to America, and thus, came to Peru, where he/she fought I Almagro at the orders of Pizarro. He/She then went to Chile, where he/she joined the troops of Pedro de Valdiviain San Pedro de Atacama; meritorious performances in the campaign of conquest led to his being appointed ordinary mayor of the first Cabildo of Santiago in 1541. Subsequently, Valdivia entrusted the governance of the area between the river Choapa and Atacama, and tasked with the reconstruction of the city of La Serena, which was definitively established the 26 August 1549 with the name of San Bartolomé de La Serena. Another Aguirre missions during this period was the maintenance of the possessions in the Peruvian newly conquered territories, which devoted himself you to a war with Juan Núñez de Prado, which ended with the defeat of this and numerous prisoners among the calchaquis Indians, who were then divided among the encomenderos. This was because of an indigenous uprising that forced Aguirre to retire to the shores of the rio Dulce, where he/she founded, March 17, 1553 the city of Santiago del Estero. That same year of 1553 died Valdivia, who ordered in his will that Aguirre, by then lieutenant general of La Serena and Tucumán, be recognized as Governor of Chile if Jerónimo de Alderete was missing.

Although the testamentary provisions of Valdivia was cancelled in 1555, the idea of making the maximum power in Chile remained head of Aguirre, so he/she undertook a series of acts of rebellion against Francisco de Villagra to dispute this the domain of Chile. For this reason, in 1557 the new Governor of Chile, García Hurtado de Mendoza, ordered his arrest and subsequent banishment to the Peru. For more than one year it was held in Lima, concluded which achieved audience forgive him and restore him the confiscated property. He/She returned to Chile to put their things in order and settled in La Serena, where he/she spent some time and then went to Copiapo.

However, Aguirre not cejaba trying to be Governor of Chile, charge that, at that time, occupied again Villagra; in 1563, the King definitely separated Tucumán to Chile and saw the way to end these conflicts putting Aguirre in front of the Governor of Tucumán. There he/she earned resounding victories against the Indians, triumphs that have not prevented that, three years later, his soldiers sublevaran against it and should take it. Loaded with shackles was sent to the Audiencia de Charcas who, under the accusation of misconduct against the Catholic faith, took him prisoner until 1568 and then set him free. However their claims to power were because of that, two years later, was again accused of accused of faith, taken prisoner and undergo a trial in Lima, during which was found guilty of the offences against him, withdrew him from the Government of Tucumán and became imprisoned him for five years. In 1975, Aguirre returned to the city of La Serena to spend their last years of life; that same year, the Governor of Chile Rodrigo de Quiroga awarded him the seigniory of the Valley of Copiapo.