Biography of Esperanza Aguirre (1952-VVVV)

Esperanza Aguirre

Spanish politics, born in Madrid on January 3, 1952. Minister of education and culture (1996-1999) and President of the Senate (1999 and 2002), after the regional elections of October 26, 2003 assumed the Presidency of the community of Madrid, position that he/she held until 17 September of 2012 who presented his resignation.

A degree in law from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in 1974, his interest in politics awoke in 1978, through Union Editorial publications. However, it was not until few years when later of firm political activity in the Liberal Union Party. In 1981, with UCD in the Government, was appointed head of the technical Cabinet of the General direction of the book and film. Later, it agreed to the position of Assistant Director-general of cultural foundations.

He was also a member of the Board of Directors of the Liberal Club, and in the municipal elections of 1983 he/she was elected Councillor for the city of Madrid by the defunct Popular Coalition. He/She also held the provincial Vice-President of the Liberal Party as a member of the National Executive, and the Secretary of the national political Council of the same party.

After the motion of censorship carried out by Hernández Mancha in March 1987, he/she left the Liberal Party to enlist in the ranks of the people's Alliance. Within this training, he/she was a member of the Regional Executive Committee, Secretariat of the sectoral Area of the Regional, Member of the National Commission of the environment and President of the Regional Commission of energy and environment. On 16 February 1993, the municipal government reshuffle carried out by José María Álvarez del Manzano, it was appointed Councillor of culture and went on to control the cleaning and education and sports departments.

After the municipal elections of May 28, 1995, in which the people's Party reached the absolute majority in City Hall, Esperanza Aguirre, occupying second place on the PP list, was named by Mayor José María Álvarez del Manzano first Deputy Mayor and spokesman for the city of Madrid.

In the course of the 12th Congress of the PP, in January 1996, was re-elected member of the Executive. In the general election of March 3, 1996, he/she headed the PP list to the Senate for Madrid and was elected Senator. On 5 may of the same year, was named by José María Aznar Minister of education and culture. He/She was sworn to the next day.

As head of education and culture signed in early 1997, the partnership agreement between the Catholic Church and the Ministry for the National Plan of cathedrals; approved, in April of that year, the Plan of expansion of the Prado Museum and signed the Convention for the conservation, restoration and dissemination of archaeological and monumental wealth of the caves of Altamira. In October 1997 he/she inaugurated the Teatro Real of Madrid and in November 1998 was the Board of Trustees of the Museum of sport, the second around the world dedicated to this discipline. In educational matters, the Ministry undertook the reform of the secondary (that) and university curricula; He/She promoted the plan of expansion and modernization of the network of public centres, and proceeded to the empowerment of the subjects of Humanities, among other actions.

In January 1999, it ceased as Minister of education and culture in the restructuring of the Cabinet that President Aznar took place. In this portfolio he/she was replaced by Mariano Rajoy, hitherto Minister of public administrations. In this same month of January, Aguirre was reelected member of the National Executive Committee of the Popular Party during the 13th Congress, which was held in Madrid. Shortly thereafter, on 9 February, he/she was appointed President of the Senate and became the first woman to preside over this House. The choice of Esperanza Aguirre had the support of 150 senators, among them those of his party, PP, and the Basque, and Catalan nationalists against the 90 that the other candidate, Socialist María Antonia Martínez obtained. Since February 1999, it has the band's Lady of the order of Carlos III, which was awarded the Council of Ministers.

After the general elections of 12 March 2000, President Aznar confirmed in the post of President of the Senate. Facing local elections in 2003, the electoral Committee of the PP filed his candidacy for the Presidency of the community of Madrid, circumstances in October 2002 resigned from his position in the upper House.

Concluded the elections on 25 May 2003, the popular list headed by Aguirre was the most voted (55 seats) but did not obtain a sufficient majority to form a Government and the union of progressive forces of the Assembly (56 seats of PSOE and IU) turned into viable the formation of a left-wing government headed by Socialist leader Rafael Simancas. However, during the day of Constitution of the new Parliament, was a scandalous episode of turncoat of two members of the PSOE, which left pending the formation of the regional executive. Deputies defectors were expelled from fulminant form party although they refused to deliver their parliamentary proceedings.

Candidate Simancas was not inaugurated President in the two votes to the effect and therefore the Chamber was dissolved and called again locals to the polls. In new elections, held on 26 October 2003, Esperanza Aguirre again took the win and, on this occasion, with one sufficient majority of 57 seats to form a Government. On 20 November he/she was elected President of the autonomous community of Madrid, with the support of the 57 members of his political party and vote against the parliamentarians of the PSOE and IU. He/She swore the charge the next day at the headquarters of the regional Government of Madrid's Puerta del Sol, becoming the third President of the community of Madrid, after Joaquín Leguina and fellow party Alberto Ruiz-Gallardon. A year later, on the occasion of the 13th regional Congress of the PP, was acclaimed President of the popular locals backed by 91% of the compromisarios.

President of the community of Madrid was re-elected in May 2007 regional elections, with twenty points above Socialist ridicules. Repeated success in ones held in the year 2011, being the candidate most voted 175 of 179 municipalities of the community. The 17 of September 2012, with great surprise, announced his resignation as President of the community of Madrid and as Deputy in the Assembly of the community.

Links on the Internet ; Official website of Esperanza Aguirre