Biography of Lope de Aguirre (1518-1561)

Spanish adventurer, called the traitor, born in 1518 and died in 1561. Of noble family, came to the Peru ca. 1537, under the command of the viceroy Blasco Núñez Vela. He/She went to Nicaragua, where he/she returned to Peru to the death of Gonzalo Pizarro. The corregidor Pedro Hinojosa took part in the revolt of Sebastián de Castilla in La Plata, where he/she was murdered. Pardoned, he/she helped to combat the rebel Hernández Girón. Already with the nickname of Aguirre the madman, he/she is especially known for having participated in the expedition of Pedro de Ursúa, who was entrusted in 1559 the conquest of the mythical Golden. The expedition was a series of riots and murders. Ursua was killed, along with Inés de Atienza, his mistress (1561). Aguirre, true leader of the expedition, helped Fernando Guzmán named general and King of Peru. March 23, 1561 was signed a record (the first act of the independence of America) which denied Felipe II and proclaimed the monarchy of Guzmán. Historians still argue if the expedition left the Atlantic after crossing the Orinoco, or if he/she did it on the Amazon, on what appears to be more agreement. Already on Margarita Island, and after countless murders including own cashews, Aguirre wrote a famous letter to Felipe II that concluded: "yo, rebel to death by your ingratitude". He/She died in Barquisimeto (Venezuela), for two cashews in the presence of García de Paredes, son of the founder of Mérida. Currently he/she has been vindicated, absolutely without reason and result of a biased anachronism, by several historians as the first American "independence".

Bibliography

VAZQUEZ, FRANCISCO: Relation of the jornada de Omagua y Dorado.

JOS, e.: The expedition Ursúa to el Dorado, the rebellion of Lope de Aguirre and the route of "Cashews" (Huesca, 1927).

-: Science and daring on Lope de Aguirre the Peregrine (Seville, 1950).