Biography of Lorenzo Aguirre (1884-1942)

Spanish painter born in Pamplona in 1884 and executed in Madrid on 6 October 1942, after two years of confinement in the prison de la calle General Díez Porlier. He/She spent most of his childhood in Alicante, which blew into his artistic spirit the typical colours of the Levantine landscapers; in 1904, he/she got position as Professor of drawing at the special school of painting, sculpture and engraving of Madrid; for its quality and the admiration that many woke up, he/she collaborated with Gutiérrez Solana and Vázquez Díaz in the national exhibition of fine arts. He/She worked in France as a stage designer at the Paris Opera and toured throughout Europe, soaking up different artistic trends. It enjoyed success and fame as a painter, poster artist and caricaturist. In 1925, he/she won the gold medal at the international exhibition of decorative arts in Paris; in 1926, of the national exhibition of fine arts in Madrid. The following received honor was the Medal of honour of the Association of painters and sculptors of Madrid. In 1930, he/she married for the second time Francisca Benito Rivas, which had three daughters. At the outbreak of the Civil War moved to Valencia with the Government of the Republic and joined the Communist Party; in 1938, joined Barcelona, where at that time had set up the Government; in 1939, he/she was exiled along with his family, establishing his residence in Paris. Discouraged by full, he/she decided that his family returned to Spain in 1940; slowly, it was handed over to the Spanish authorities and was locked up in the prison of Ondarreta (Guipúzcoa); on February 8, 1941 it was moving finally to Madrid prison. Despite the request for clemency that his daughters Margaret, Susana and Francisca filed with the daughter of the dictator, Carmencita, with the purpose that intervene before his father, Aguirre was executed before the eyes of other many inmates. His work, long forgotten, has been claimed in 1999 by two exhibitions in Pamplona and Barcelona and by an emotional article of the poet Félix Grande ("News of the painter Lorenzo Aguirre", El País, 29-XII-1999).