Biography of Esko Tapani Aho (1954-VVVV)

Finnish politician, Prime Minister from 1991 to 1995, born on May 20, 1954 in Veteli.

Bachelor's degree in social sciences and a master's degree in political science, from 1974 to 1980 he/she chaired the youth organization of the Centre Party (KESK) and from 1979 to 1980 was the Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. That year worked as agent business, and in the elections of 1983 was elected member of the Eduskunta ('Parliament'). President since 1990 of the KESK, this was the most voted party in the legislative of March 17, 1991, to do with 55 seats (15 more than in 1987) and 24.8% of the vote (7.2 points), the best results in its history. 26 April following Aho formed a coalition Government with the party of the Coalition national (KOK), the Popular Swedish (SFP) and the Christian League of Finland (SKL, retired on June 20, 1994), majority and first without the presence of left-wing parties for 25 years. The "bourgeois" Coalition (in the Scandinavian words) was raised as a priority the revival of the economy, which closed the year with a strong recession and adopted an austerity program agreed with the trade unions.

On the diplomatic front the Government Aho starred in a series of decisive events in the recent history of the country, to the new international reality. With agricultural origins, the KESK did not share the Europeanism of the Social Democrats and some of its coalition partners. However, on 18 March 1992 formally requested membership of the European Community. On June 24, 1994 Aho signed the accession treaty at the European Council in Corfu and, after approval by referendum on 16 October (with 56.9% in favour), Finland became a member of the European Union on 1 January 1995, in, according to experts, advantageous conditions, would be a net recipient of community resources. On security issues, on 5 June 1992 Finland agreed as an observer to the cooperation Council of the North Atlantic, on 9 March 1994 signed the partnership for peace (both designed by NATO structures) and on February 3, 1995 also acquired in WEU observer status. This put an end to the letter of strict neutrality maintained since 1948.

In the elections of 19 March 1995 the electorate passed Bill by poor balance in unemployment (one of the highest in Europe) and the KESK was behind the social democratic party, with a loss of 5 points and 11 seats. On April 12 following Aho transferred power to the leader of the winning party, P. Lipponen.