Russian novelist, born in Ufa in 1791, and died in Moscow in 1859. He/She was a writer of late vocation, he/she composed his works to a very advanced age, when he/she was practically blind.
After an initial stage where, in the wake of slavophilia conservatism of his time, followed the guidelines of the French classicism (who was, at the time of fashion), around 1830 he/she discovered the work of Gogol and opted to make a stylistic turn introduced him squarely in the realism. In this line, better than any other novelist of his time reflected the patriarchal life of the great landowners families; his most celebrated novels, Chronicle of family (1856), and memories of the life of student (1858), are the best testimony of this reorientation of its work.
It should be noted, however, that realism which boasts Aksakov is tinged with a marked lyrical a serene objectivity that away it from the great novels of thesis of his time. In this sense, his work takes up the postulates of exceeded "objective realism" which had defended Pushkin.
Other works of interest are observations about fishing (1847), memories of a Hunter (1855) and the childhood years of grandson Bagrov (1859).
Aksakov had two sons who also stood out for their dedication to the world of letters: Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov was a literary critic and wrote a treatise on the administrative organisation of the Russian peasantry; Ivan Sergeyevich Aksakov, for his part, founded several paneslavistas publications, among which stood out the Russia journal, which was the most popular in its time.