Biography of Cirilo Alameda y Brea (1781-1872)

Spanish religious born 14 July 1781 in Torrejón de Velasco (Madrid), and died in Madrid, on June 30, 1872.

Son of Pedro Alameda Martín and María Breda Calderón, tenants of medium-sized fortune, his parents he/she was sent to Madrid to study Latin and to study philosophy in studies of San Isidro. At age 15 he/she became Franciscan, being sent by his order to the convents of Pastrana and Guadalajara, where he/she studied theology.

In 1808, before the French invasion, took refuge in Cádiz, from where in front of a Franciscan mission went to Montevideo. Protected there by the general Vigodet, was editor of the realistic Gaceta de Montevideo (1810). Before Vigodet capitulate before the insurgents, official correspondence he/she entrusted to father Cyril, who moved to Rio de Janeiro, where he/she learned to win the confidence of the Princess Carlota Joaquina. So much was his influence that, back in Spain, the Government used it to the marriage of two daughters of the Princess, María Isabel de Braganza and María Francisca de ASIS, who married Fernando VII and Carlos María Isidrorespectively. So Vigodet and Mall left Cadiz on 15 July 1815 on Board of the frigate solitude. These efforts were worth to Cyril appointed preacher S.M., and in 1817 general of the Orden of San Francisco, covering in 1818 Grande of Spain at a ceremony sponsored by the Duke of Híjar.

He released representation the General of San Francisco has done to the courts about the draft law on reform of regulars, in the part comprising the seraphic order (Madrid and Seville 1820). After the session of the pages, it was secret negotiations on the part of the King, with Antonio Alcalá Galiano, whose purpose was to provoke the fall of the first constitutional Government. In October 1830 he/she was exiled in Cadiz.

In 1826 he/she was appointed Counsellor of State, and in 1831, Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba, where he/she arrived in June 1832. In January 1837 escaped from his diocese declaring himself Carlist (was it enshrined in Seville, being its Godfather by proxy Juan Bautista Erro) and being named by Don Carlos presidente de la Junta de Estado. At the end of the war stood at the head of the transaccionistas, with the Jesuit P.Gil and general Maroto. After the Convention of Vergara, had to emigrate.He acknowledged to Isabel II, was appointed Senator for life in 1845. In 1849 he/she returned to appear as Bishop of Santiago de Cuba, but that same year was appointed Archbishop of Burgos, and in 1857 of Toledo. In 1858 he/she was promoted to the dignity of cardinal.


VILLAGE, Quintin (ed.): dictionary of ecclesiastical history of Spain. Madrid, 1975, 4 vols.

PAEZ RIOS, Elena: Hispanic iconography. Madrid, 1966. 5 vols.