Politics and Spanish lawyer, born on 22 February 1946 in Los Rosales (Sevilla). He/She was Minister of Social Affairs from 1993 to 1996 and chaired the Socialist Madrid Federation from 1997 to 2000.
Member of a wealthy family, was educated at the Loreto Ursulines in Madrid. He/She graduated in law in 1968 and was high in the Madrid Bar Association in 1971. He/She opened a law firm and specialized in matters related to the defence of the rights of women and the fight for the amendment of discriminatory rules, especially those relating to divorce and abortion. In 1975 he/she founded the feminist legal collective and the Federation of progressive women.
In October 1985, he/she was elected member of the Council General of the Court, on the proposal of the PSOE, and became the first woman who accessed this post, with the declared aim of "modernizing a corseted, outdated structure". Its passage by the CGPJ was not without controversy. After his dismissal in the Council in November 1990, he/she resumed his activities as a lawyer, until July 13, 1993, he/she accepted the Social Affairs portfolio, even without being militant Socialist, in the last Government of Felipe González. Matilde Fernándezreplaced at the Ministry.
During his tenure, was established the General Action Plan on immigration, the II Plan of equality of opportunities for women, the comprehensive Plan of youth and the Bill of rights of the minor. The extension of the abortion law and the law of couples in fact were the thorniest issues of its management.
Member of the Madrid Socialist Executive since 1997, lived firsthand the crisis opened in Madrid Socialist Federation (WSF) after the regional elections of May 2003. Alberdi lambasted the decisions taken by the leadership of his party after the defection of two deputies, demanded resignations and responsibilities and, on September 3 of that year, resigned as a member of the Executive of the FSM.
Among other issues, the former Minister also was critical with the territorial model proposed by the PSOE and advocated the defense of the institutional stability of the statutory system. The party opened a disciplinary record for his repeated public protests against the political decisions of the managing bodies. Finally, Alberdi announced on December 16, 2003, which left the PSOE. Two months later, he/she accepted the Presidency of the new Advisory Board against the gender violence of the community of Madrid, a new body of the regional government, led by the popular Esperanza Aguirre.
She is the author of the books now (1975) divorce, abortion Yes, abortion no (1975), the advocacy and womanhood. In October 2001 he/she published his political memoirs under the title the power is a thing of men. He/She has delivered numerous lectures at prestigious national and international forums on legal and social aspects, and he/she has conducted courses in the Menéndez Pelayo International University on the judiciary and the rights of women.