Biography of emperador del Sacro Imperio Alberto II (1397-1439)

Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1438-39), Duke of Austria (1404-39), King of Bohemia and Hungary (1438-39), known by the nickname of the bar. It was he/she who established the imperial badge of the House of Austria, with the acronym AEIOU (Austriae est imperare orbi universe). He/She was born in Vienna, on 16 August of the year 1397, and died in the Hungarian town of Neszmély, on 27 October of the year 1439.

Son of the Archduke of Austria, Alberto II, as a descendant of the Habsburg dynasty, became Archduke of Austria when he/she was still a child, the death of his father, in the year 1404. Because of its minority of age, their State were run by his three uncles, Guillermo the Cortes, Leopoldo the fat and Ernesto of Styria, in the framework of a climate of plunders and armed clashes between the three Regents to settle who would be done with absolute power. Finally, in the year 1411, the young Alberto was declared a major, after having received a careful education by eminent intellectuals of the time, Andrés Blanck and Reinprecht of Walse. In the year 1422, Alberto married Isabel, daughter of the German Emperor Segismundo of Luxemburgo, link that made it possible for Alberto to swell his already vast territorial possessions, adding the Moravia. After the death of his father-in-law, in the year 1437, his daughter Isabel, as sole legitimate heir, inherited the titles of his father, which were granted to her husband Alberto, who was crowned King of Hungary, on 1 January of the year 1438. Subsequently, the imperial diet, gathered in Frankfurt by the Princes electors, as the new emperor, was elected on 18 March of the same year, moment in which the Austria dynasty already would not lose more the imperial crown. Despite facing a harsh opposition, was also crowned as King of Bohemia, on 29 June of the same year. In just six months, the Archduke Alberto V of Austria passed to hold in his head three crowns of great political weight in Europe - highlights the scepter imperial-, and reigned with the name Alberto II.

How fervent Catholic, from the year 1420 held bitter clashes with the Hussites, in addition to pursuing, rather viciously, any hint of Judaism in Vienna, which had since ancient with a large colony of Jewish, very active economically. As emperor, his greatest political concern was the for the restoration of peace and prosperity in his empire. So called, in the year 1438, the diet of Nuremberg, which enacted a law called the public peace, which later became the basis of imperial reconstitution, also restructure the Empire in new zones administrative, more flexible and better governed, which placed people prepared. At the same time, Alberto II did accept the decisions emanating from the Council of Basel, which tended to reduce the papal authority for the benefit of the conciliar authority throughout the Empire.

Besides the religious question, Alberto II had to deal with the danger posed by the growing expansion that the Turks were developing by the Balkans and which threatened to penetrate to the very heart of Europe. The Turks, sent by the sultan Mural II invaded Hungary, so the Emperor Alberto II organized a campaign against these, in which it emerged victorious. But the return of the campaign, Emperor fell ill from dysentery, disease affecting large numbers of its troops, and died in the Hungarian town of Neszmély, halfway between Vienna and Grau, 27 October of the year 1439.


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