American archaeologist, born in Coquimbo (Chile) on May 24, 1891 and died on September 19, 1971 in Baltimore (United States). It is famous above all for the excavations carried out in biblical places and his studies about the East half.
Son of American Methodist missionaries stationed in Chile, Albright returned to the United States with his family in 1903. He/She received the Ph.d. in Semitic languages at Johns Hopkins University, where he/she was disciple of Paul Haupt, who was succeeded in 1929 as Professor of such discipline. He/She served that position until his retirement in 1958.
In 1919 he/she was appointed fellow of the American School of Oriental research in Jerusalem, school, of which he/she was director for twelve years (1920-29 and 1933-36). In 1950-51 was Chief archaeological excavations carried out by the American Foundation for the study of man in different cities in Arabia. As a scientist, always insisted on the value of Archeology and linguistic and topographical studies to understand biblical history. He/She worried also make identification of ceramics and animal remains a reliable scientific tool.
Albright scientific writings greatly influenced the development of biblical studies and those related to the Middle East; among them are: The Archaelogy of Palestine and the Bible (1932-35), The Vocalization of the Egyptian Syllabic Orthography (1934), The Excavation of Tell Beit Mirsim (1932-43), From the Stone Age to Christianity (1940-46), Archaeology and the Religion of Israel (1942-46) and The Bible and the Ancient Near East (1961).