Biography of Simón de Alcazaba Sotomayor (¿-1535)

Explorer and Portuguese Governor of the date and place of birth are unknown and who died in 1535, in port of wolves (Patagonia). Southern most of Spanish America, the new Leon, was Governor of the territory above the Strait of Magellan. It was also the first who ventured in Patagonia.

Simón de Alcazaba was Portuguese and ignored the date and place of his birth. In 1522 entered the service of the Emperor Carlos V contino and participated on the Board of Badajoz, who studied the annexation of the Moluccas. In 1525 he/she obtained permission to lead an army to this objective, which did not come out of the peninsula. In 1529 he/she capitulated with the Empress a 200 leagues governorate, located south of the Peru that had granted Francisco Pizarro, but he/she could not depart it. In 1534 Citadel capitulated with the Emperor the most southern governorate of America. Carlos V had divided the unknown existing Indian territory south of the Peru in three governorates of 200 miles each, divided by the parallel 25 to 36 of latitude S. The first, under the conquered by Pizarro, Peru was the new Toledo (then Chile) and handed it to Diego de Almagro. The second, called Nueva Andalucía (Río de la Plata), was awarded to Pedro de Mendoza. The third, called new Leon, gave Simon de Alcazaba. It had become so Governor of the Southern Cone (of ocean to Ocean), with all the territory located from the 36 parallel to the Strait of Magellan.

Alcazaba departed 21 September 1534 to your interior with two ships and arrived at the Strait of Magellan on 17 January 1535. He/She tried to cross it, but evil prevented him time. The crew required you to if they were then to the port of Los Lobos, in the Patagonian coast (45 ° S latitude) to Hibernate. They did so. They arrived there on 26 February and Alcazaba was recognized by Governor. He/She left after that port to explore the territory, but had to return because they were sick. The host went ahead under the command of Rodrigo island. It turned to the Northwest and discovered a rushing River, that christened Guadalquivir; It was possibly Chubut. After advancing other 100 leagues in the same direction decided to return, since he/she found nothing of interest. Then exploded a mutiny against him, led by the captains Juan Arias and Gaspar Sotelo, who seized island and Captain Juan de Moris. Later, arriving at the coast, they murdered the Alcazaba itself. Then came dissension among the rebels who took advantage of the Loyalists, led by Moris, supported by the Group of the Basques, who made themselves owners of the situation, and embarked on the return. On June 17, 1535 they departed the two ships; one of them was wrecked on the coast of Brazil. Most of the crew were killed by the Indians. Those who could save himself finally arrived in Santo Domingo.


GONZÁLEZ, S. E.: "the Odyssey of Simón de Alcazaba in Patagonia", in Revista General de Marina, vol. 70, no. 5, Madrid, 1954.

JAUDENES GARCÍA, JOSÉ: "Simon de Alcazaba", in General Journal of Navy, vol. 158, Madrid, 1960.

MORLA VICUÑA, CARLOS: Study historical about the discovery and conquest of the Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, Leipzig, 1903.

PASTELL, Paul: The discovery of the Strait of Magellan, Madrid, 1922, 2 vols.

PÉREZ DE GUZMÁN, JUAN: Discovery and enterprise of the Spaniards in the Patagonia, Madrid, 1992.