Biography of Cayetano Alcázar Molina (1897-1958)

Spanish historian, born in Madrid on 27 March 1897, and died on August 19, 1958 in Santander. Professor of various historical subjects in some Spanish universities (Murcia, Valencia and Madrid). He/She focused his research, first in the history of the mail, and then in the Spanish culture of the s. XVIII. Very interested also in Madrid history, was co-founder of the Instituto de Estudios Madrileños.

He studied at the school of the Santo Ángel de la Guarda and then in the pious schools of San Antón. He/She then joined the Central University of Madrid, performing law and philosophy and letters (section history). He/She traveled and visited archives of various European countries (Portugal, France, England, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Germany, Bulgaria and Turkey) a scholarship from the University, and then began working as a postal officer after approving some oppositions. Interested in the history of the mail and become the leading expert on the subject in Spain, he/she taught in the history Chair of the mail of the organism.

Then, in 1926, he/she moved to the University of Murcia, where he/she was first Professor of General history of Spain, and later Dean of the Faculty of philosophy and letters and Director of the higher school. Also passed by the University of Valencia as a Professor of modern and contemporary history, before leaving in 1944 at the University of Madrid, where he/she was general Secretary. In addition, he/she was appointed director general of university education (from 1946 to 1951). He/She presided over in addition the Instituto de Estudios Madrileños, which he/she helped found, and was Secretary of the Instituto Jeronimo Zurita and the magazine Hispania (both belonging to the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, CSIC).

His research focused on the culture of s. 18th Spanish and in the city of Madrid, besides the aforementioned history of mail. Among other works he/she wrote: the problem of the estudiantina (his first work, of 1916, with a foreword by Miguel de Unamuno); History of mail in America (with Prologue by José Ortega Munilla, father of the philosopher José Ortega y Gasset); The men of the enlightened despotism; Don Pablo de Olavide; Despotism illustrated in Spain; The count of Floridablanca; The Madrid of the Dos de Mayo; History of the postmen in Madrid in the 18th century; The German colonies of Sierra Morena; The viceroyalties in America during the 18th century. He/She also participated in general works such as the history of Spain (with Pedro Aguado Bleye) and Manual of history of Spain, in addition to publishing several articles in magazines and newspapers: Escorial and political studies; ABC, above, and the Spanish.