American astronaut born in Montclair, New Jersey, on January 20, 1930. He/She was the second man who set foot on the Moon after Neil Armstrong.
Finished primary education, he/she studied at the of West Point Military Academy that graduated in science with the number one in his class in 1951. He/She subsequently joined in the armed forces of the United States to complete his training as a pilot. As such, he/she was appointed in 1951 to the war of Korea, where flew several combat missions, for which he/she received several decorations. Back to United States, he/she became instructor of artillery air at the base of Nellis Air Force, in Nevada, and was Assistant to the Dean of the faculty at the Air Force Academy in Alabama.
In October 1963 he/she was selected as an astronaut by NASA, and he/she was first assigned to the Gemini Target Office, at the Air Force Space Systems Division in Los Angeles, California, and later the center of manned space flights from Houston, Texas. In 1966 he/she was part of the Gemini IX Mission reserve team, but his chance would come on November 11 of the same year, that was launched into space, next to James Lovell, in spacecraft Gemini XII (see the space program Gemini). On this flight, four-day, was established the record of continuance of a man in space outside the ship, since Aldrin was five and a half hours of "spacewalk". This mission closed the Gemini program, after which the Apollo started. Three years later, on July 20, 1969 Edwin Aldrin became the second man who stepped on the Moon, Neil Armstrong behind, on the flight of Apolo XI, first mission of manned lunar landing, which was launched from Earth on July 16 and returned the 24th of the same month. For two hours and fifteen minutes Armstrong and Aldrin collected samples and conducted various experiments on the lunar surface, while Michael Collins remained in the ship.
Shortly after his return to Earth, Aldrin went into a deep depression and a few months later began to have problems with alcohol. In 1971, once recovered from his addiction, he/she rejoined the air force to retire a year later.
Aldrin writing two works on their activities in the U.S. space program: Return to Earth (1970), in which he/she remembers the Mission of Apolo XI, and Men from Earth (1989), about the space race between us.USA, and the Soviet Union.
Since it made its historic space mission, Aldrin has received various awards, such as the Medal for Freedom of the US President.UU., the Distinguised Service Medal from NASA and the Air Medal, among others. It is an honorary member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. As well as a speaker at conferences and congresses, interviews, etc., in 2009 published a book of memoirs entitled magnificent desolation.
In his honour it was renamed with the name of "Aldrin" a lunar crater located in the area south of the Mare Tranquillitatis, extensive lunar sea elected for the descent of Apolo XI in 1969.