Biography of Franz Alexander (1891-1964)

American psychiatrist of Hungarian origin, born in Budapest on 22 January 1891 and died in Palm Springs (California) on March 8, 1964, which was one of the leading researchers and promoters of the field of psychoanalysis as discipline medical and its application in Criminology; In addition, he/she developed the theory of the superego.


He studied medicine at the University of Budapest, Centre where he/she made his first works of research as a member of the Institute of Experimental Pathology and hygiene Institute. He/She graduated in 1913 and at the outbreak of the first world war was recruited as Chief of the section of bacteriology of the Austro-Hungarian army. End of the war, he/she returned to Budapest to work at the neuropsychiatric clinic attached to the University, and in 1919 he/she moved to Berlin to study at the newly created Psychoanalytic Institute. Between 1921 and 1930 he/she worked as Professor of psychoanalysis at the Berlin Institute, after which he/she moved to the United States invited by the University of Chicago. In this city he/she created the Institute of psychoanalysis (1932), first centre of this kind in the country, and that under his leadership acquired a range of prestigious medical institution. In 1938 he/she was granted U.S. citizenship and that same year took charge of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Illinois, who served until his retirement; He/She also directed the Department of Psychiatry of the University of Southern (California), and taught in this and other North American universities. In 1950 he/she presided over the Psychosomatic Medicine, psychoanalysis and psychotherapy - section materials of which was the author of respective treaties General - in the international Psychiatry Congress, which took place in Paris. In 1956 he/she began to develop a research about the factors involved in the psychoanalytic treatment, in which emphasized the personality of the psychotherapist. He/She was awarded, among others, the "Samuel Ruben" award for his contribution to public health (1958), and in his early period, with a prize for his study of the complex of castration, which gave Sigmund Freud.