Biography of Grigori Vasilievich Alexandrov (1903-1983)

Soviet filmmaker born in Ekaterinburg on January 23, 1903 and died in Moscow in 1983. Real name Grigori Vasilyevich Moromenko, was an important contributor to Eisenstein and one of the signers of the "manifesto of sound" (vid. infra).


Developed an intense Theatre activity in his youth as a Decorator electrician and actor. During the Civil War it was part of a company that was in the front. Since the mid-1920s he/she collaborated with Serguei M. Eisenstein as Assistant Director (on strike - in which played the officer Giliarovski and Battleship Potemkin) and as Co-Director in two films (October, 1927; The general line, 1929).

In these years, the activity creative Soviet was in one of its best moments, that the revolution that produced the arrival of sound caused that Alexandrov was one of the signatories - the other two were Eisenstein and Vsevolod i. Pudovkin- of the famous "sound manifesto" published in 1928 under the title orchestral counterpoint. At major points pointed out that "the only important factors for the future development of the film are those that are calculated in order to strengthen and develop their inventions of mounting". Did not stop aiming their fears, given that "the sound film is a double-edged weapon, and is very likely to be used in accordance with the law of minimal effort, i.e., limited to satisfy the curiosity of the public". They insisted that "only the use of sound as a counterpoint to a fragment of visual Assembly offers new possibilities for developing and refining the Assembly". After indicating that "the new technical discovery is not a casual factor in the history of the film," they confirmed "the method's counterpoint applied to the construction of the film sound and spoken, not only will not alter the international character of the film that will enhance its significance and its cultural strength to an extent unknown for the moment". The importance of this text is remarkable taking into account the delay with which came the sound to the Soviet film industry. Precisely this circumstance and the RapPort that existed between Eisenstein, Alexandro and director of photography Eduard Tissé, allowed him to travel around Europe and the United States in order to learn everything related to sound, studios and filming installations. In their U.S. stay failed to achieve creative results, thing that happened in Mexico, country that moved the team to roll what viva Mexico! (1931), which he/she co-directed and film that was not completed by political and economic problems.

Back to his country, he/she continued his work and in 1935 was awarded the order of the Red Star, while noted how his friend Eisenstein was relegated certain honors by the highest political authorities. In 1944 he/she participated in the artistic Council controlling the Soviet production, at the time who was appointed artistic supervisor of the Mosfilm Studios. At the end of these forty years is Vstrea na Elbe (meeting at the Elbe, 1949), which was approaching the existing problems between Soviets and Americans because of the cold war. Among his last works directed, with the material provided from United States, the reassembly of the viva Mexico! (with the title that viva Mexico! (Da zdravstvuyet Meksika!, 1979).


As director and guionista:1927: October (Co-Director). 1929: the general line / the old and the new (Co-Director). 1930: Romance sentimentale (and editor; short film). 1931: Que viva Mexico! (Co-Director and editor). 1932: International (short film). 1934: Veselye rebjata.1936: Circo.1937: Doklad tov. Stalina or proekte konstututsii SSSR na VIII Chrezvytsaynom S'ezde Sovetov (medium). 1938: Volga-Volga (and coargumento); Pervoye maya.1940: Svetlyj put.1944: Kapiskie liudi.1947: Vesna.1949: Vstrezha na Elbe.1952: Hidroglas Glinka.1958: Celovek cheloveku.1960: Russkij suvenir.1961: Lenin v Poland.1966: Lenin v Shvejtsarij (TV documentary). 1973: Before October.1983: Lyubov Orlova.

As an Assistant of direccion:1925: strike; The Battleship Potemkin (and actor).

As a script writer and guionista:1925: Stachka (and ay. director and actor). 1927: Devushka s dalekoi reki.1933: torment about reason: cheerful companions/Jazz Comedy.