Belarusian physicist born in Vitebsk (former Soviet Union) on March 15, 1930, awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for his research in the development of semiconductors, especially in its applications in optoelectronics.
In 1952 he/she graduated from the Department of electronics of the Institute electronic V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) of Leningrad; in 1970 he/she obtained the title of Doctor in physics and mathematics from the Ioffe physical-technical Institute.
He started his research career in 1953 as a member of the physical-technical Institute, where he/she has been research associate (1953-1964), researcher (1964-1967), head of laboratory (1967-1987) and finally director charges since 1987.
From 1962, his work focused on the development of semiconductors with arsenic, gallium and antimony, as well as those already used. He/She also developed semiconductor heterogeneous and injection mechanisms applied to the development of diodes (LED) spatially, solid state lasers and solar cells. Their efforts were rewarded by getting the first laser of semiconductor operating at room temperature in continuous mode, months before long it Mort Panish and Izuo Hayashi, who worked at Bell Labs in similar technologies in May 1970.
In 1973 he/she was appointed scholar at the State University of San Petersburg Electrotechnical, where became Dean of the Faculty of physics and technology in 1988. Since 1989 he/she is Vice President of the Academy of Russian Sciences and President of the Scientific Center of St. Petersburg, as well as member of many foreign Academies (National Academy of Sciences of the United States, National Academy of engineering of the United States, Poland's Academy of Sciences, Academy of science and technology of Korea).
Studying you have supposed for several awards, among which include the Ballantyne Medal of the Franklin Institute (United States, 1971), the Lenin Prize (USSR, 1972), the prize Karpinskii (Federal Republic of Germany, 1989), the Ioffe Prize (1996) and, of course, the Nobel Prize in Physics (2000), shared with the American physicists Herbert Kroemer and Jack Kilby, for their contributions through semiconductor heterostructures to the optical electronics and high speed; This allowed the development of Informatics and telecommunications. Alferov received 25% of the 920,000 dollars that this award had that year as prize money. He/She is the author of four books, four hundred articles and 50 inventions related to semiconductor technology, as well as Chief editor of the Russian publication Pis'ma n Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoi Fiziki (Russian version of the English publication Technical Phisycs Letters).
Since 1989, should be added to their scientific work his dedication to politics as a member of the Russian Communist Party in the Duma (lower house).
http://4yg.us/1iHB. (This page includes all the awards and honors achieved by this researcher, as well as his photography).