Biography of Francisco Alfonso (1906-1990)

Cuban playwright, born in Havana in 1906 and died in his hometown in 1990. In the Cuban artistic and literary Cenacle (and especially, theatrical forums, in which worked tireless promoter and animator cultural work), was known by the nickname "Paco Alfonso" hipocorístico.

Linked from his early youth to the art of Talia, Francisco Alfonso played a key role in the development of contemporary Cuban theater, and not only in their status as dramatic author. Among his occupations beyond the strict scope of the playwriting, he/she is remembered for being one of the founders, at the beginning of the Decade of the 1930s, the legendary Cuban Theatre; In addition, between 1943 and 1945 he/she assumed the leadership of the no less famous folk theatre.

Seriously concerned about the day-to-day problems affecting the man in the street, Francisco Alfonso was developing a successful theatrical production characterized by its pointed emphasis on political and social reporting. Among his most acclaimed pieces by the critics and the public, it is worth remembering the titled Yari-Yari, mama Olua (1941), Mambises and guerrillas (1942) and Canaveral (1950), work, this latter, which made him one of the most famous Cuban playwrights of his time, and which earned him the official recognition of the political authorities in the cultural field, to be honored with the National Theatre Award.

JRF