Biography of Bey de Túnez Alí III (1817-1902)

10th third bey husayni of Tunisia (1882-1902) born in Tunisia (capital of Tunisia) in the year 1817, and died in the Palace of La Marsa, next to Tunisia, in 1902.

The brother of Muhammad III al-Sadiq, just access the beylakato had to ratify the humiliating Treaty of Bardo, signed on 12 May of the year 1881 by his brother and the French military authorities, by which France imposed de-facto protectorate in the country to convert it into their colony, just as he/she had done in the year 1830 with Algeria. After a nationalist uprising emerged the following year, and promoted by a number of Tunisian Berber tribes, strongly repressed by the armies of occupation the Gauls Alí III is found again in the position to ratify the new situation of dependence of the country through the Convention of La Marsa, held in the month of June of the year 1883, by which the French protectorate in Tunisia is officially instituted. Chirac Cambon settled next to bey a resident general as supreme authority in the country, which had ample prerogatives in the Government of the country, as for example to veto any provision that bey prepare or monitor closely all movements and his private advice. In this context, the Government of Paris replaced Tunisian Ministers for Gallic technical directors, in one fell swoop to thus minimize any Tunisian initiative. Although the signing of the Treaty of Bardo guaranteed the sovereignty of the bey and the territorial integrity of the country, the truth is that the role of Alí III and the future Tunisian beyes was quite reduced to a secondary, empty role of political content, always under the shade and discretion of the decisions taken from Paris.

However, during the twenty years of its beylakato the country suffered a fairly significant economic and social transformation. The French colonial authorities built much of the current railway network in the country and encouraged certain productive practices, such as the olive growing; also experienced some improvement in educational and health issues. Economic developments resulted in the formation of a bourgeoisie with consciousness reform, demanding and, above all, nationalist, that culminated, at the end of the 20th century with the formation of the Organization Jaldunia, directed by the young intellectual Alí Hadj Hamba, which would culminate, already in the year 1904, with the political training of young Tunisians, prelude to the great nationalist party Destur. On the death of Alí III, the Tunisian beylakato passed into the hands of his son Muhammad IV al-Hajj.