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American jazz trumpeter born on 7 January 1908 in New Orleans and died in New York on April 17, 1967.
His father was a bandleader in Algiers, town near New Orleans located down the River, called The Allen Brass Band, which had some success in the State of Louisiana in the first decade of the century. For this reason, Allen jazz had a much more natural influence than in most of the musicians of the time. Their first actions, carried out in the band of his father, enabled him to share the stage with George Lewis, among others. Soon developed a unique style and instrumental virtuosity that, unlike the Louis Armstrong, remained at all times a deep blues flavor, with further reference to the pioneering folk music of this style. He/She has been said about it that he/she played the songs as if he/she had just invented their style, recreating with the trumpet. He/She was one of the first musicians that are glimpsed the attempt at incipient phrased melodies, i.e., smoothly linking the different sounds and abandon the staccato rhythmic characteristic of past jazz.
After passing through the Excelsior Band and the Sam Morgan Band, joined in 1926 to one of them, then, very common boat - the riverboat bands in which Louis Armstrong, King Oliver and many other musicians cooked jazz - orchestras, called Southern Syncopators and commanded by Sidney Desvigne. A year later, as the boat did stop in San Luis, it was hired by King Oliver and joined his Dixie Syncopators. Although the band was scuttled, Allen traveled for the first time to New York, where he/she made his first recording with Clarence Williams. Back to his hometown he/she performed with Fate Marable and Fats Pichon, once again on the riverboats.
When you offered a couple of contracts to record with Luis Russell and Duke Ellington, he/she decided to move back to the Big Apple, and there made his first recordings under his own name in 1933. His first memorable success reached it to playing with the band of Lucky Millinder with Ride Red Ride. After a brief stay in the Mills Blue Rhythm Band, he/she turned with Luis Russell, that was until 1940, time in which the band was opening act of Louis Armstrong. The solos network Allen caldeaban the environment in anticipation of the great master, who eclipsed several times. In 1940 he/she joined the Orchestra of Fletcher Henderson as a principal soloist. He/She made several recordings for the Victor Company, including those made with Coleman Hawkins, as singer and trumpeter. Its lush sound fits Pearl to the musical concept of Hawkins, who played again and again until the Decade of the sixties.
In the decades of the 1940s and 1950s Allen led his own Sextet of swing, sometimes relying on the stellar performance of Coleman Hawkins. Memorable recordings with Jelly Roll Morton and Sidney Bechet and a tour with Billie Holidaydate from this era, but he/she mostly devoted himself to develop his own style in performances by theatres of small capacity. He/She researched much more modern effects, included in their solos sound effects, colorful, expressive, and began to experiment with dynamic changes and other jazz techniques that anticipated somewhat the free jazz. His performances during the 1960s, often accompanying his friends George Lewis, Coleman Hawkins and Kid Ory, were followed with devotion to the more experimental trumpeters from New York as Don Ellis, who said Allen network was "all New York avant-garde trumpeter". Died in 1967 of a pancreatic cancer.
BERENDT, J. Jazz, its origin and development (Mexico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1993).
FRANCHINI, V. Il Jazz: the tradizione (Genoa, Ricordi, 1958).
http://4yg.us/1iKn ; The Red Hot Jazz website.