Biography of Edmund Allenby (1861-1936)

British military, whose real name was Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, first Viscount Allenby of Megiddo and Felixstore. Locality next to Southwell (Nottinghamshire County) was born on 23 April the year 1861 in Brackenhurst, and died on 14 May of the year 1936, in London. Field marshal belonging to the weapon of cavalry, Allenby participated decisively in the last great wars which held the British Empire in Africa, at the end of the 19th century, in addition to directing with his troops the victorious campaign of Palestine in the first world war.

Educated at Haileybury College and the prestigious and elite Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, in 1884 entered the body of the Dragon, stationed in Inniskilling (present Botswana), where he/she excelled in two expeditions made by your body in Bechnanalandia (1884-85) and KwaZulu-Natal (1888). The war of the Boers, in which Allenby also took part decisive burst between the years 1899 to 1902. The war was provoked by Britain to extend his dominions from the colony of the Cape and Natal until the pro-independence republics of the afrikaner and the Trasvaal of the Orange Free State. After some initial defeats, the British armies reacted with dexterity and inflicted a humiliating defeat on the independence at the battle of Paardeburg, February 27 in the year 1900. In recognition of its great merits of war collapsed in African campaigns, Allenby was appointed inspector-general of the British cavalry in 1910, who played until the outbreak of the first world war, in July of the year 1914, after which he/she was assigned command of all the British cavalry in the French territory. At the beginning of the year 1915, Allenby went on to command the V Corps British cavalry, who also abandoned, in October of the same year, after being promoted to the rank of Commander and obtain the headquarters of the British army III, where he/she returned to prove his great worth as a soldier and strategist in the battle of Arras (April 1917) and Ypres (June 1917), by what was promoted to the rank of general and appointed Knight of the order of Bath.

But, where Allenby really excelled as military was in the British campaigns in the Middle East. After the resounding victory achieved by Allenby in the third battle of Ypres, he/she was appointed commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian expeditionary force, consisting of a troop very demoralized by the continuing casualties on the front and the constant failures when it comes to conquer important areas. The great vigor and fortitude of the personality of Allenby was able to instil in his men a mentality of iron and the lust for retribution against the Turkish troops. After a brief period in which Allenby prepared and reorganized his troops, British forces won a decisive victory over the Turks in the Gaza region, in November of the year 1917, which made possible the subsequent capture of Jerusalem, December 9, and various enclaves of great strategic importance in the area. Before being called by the high command to reinforce the British positions in France, Allenby won the decisive victory at the battle of Megiddo 19 September of 1918, followed by the triumphal entry of the British and Allied Arab tribes in Damascus and Aleppo on October 1 of the same year. The British campaign was the end of the Ottoman Empire in Syria. Allenby was distinguished with the title of Viscount of Megiddo and Felixstore, at the same time that ascended to the position of field marshal. In a way, the great successes of the North African campaigns of Allenby was due to his great skill and innovation when it comes to having its troops and the British cavalry on the battlefield, reveal themselves as a military strategist of first line, which was put into practice in a perfect way the arranged hours before on the map of study.

Between the years 1919 to 1925, Allenby was appointed High Commissioner for Egypt, trying to govern the British zone with firmness and fairness, even in the period of serious riots by the increasingly powerful nationalist forces from Egypt. Finally, Allenby showed favour to grant independence for both Egypt and Ethiopia, countries that became sovereign States in the years 1925 and 1922, respectively.


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