Biography of Gordon W. Allport (1897-1967)

American psychologist and philosopher. He/She was born in Indiana and studied at Harvard; He/She spent a year in Istanbul before his PhD, most later went to Berlin, Hamburg, and Cambridge, in 1924 returned as a professor at Harvard.

Because of their beliefs about the uniqueness of people and in the power of their usual intentions, is regarded as one of the founders of humanistic psychology. These statements are part of his theory of personality. I thought that every individual had a unique pattern of personality and advocated the ideographic study, using individual case histories, preferably, and not establishing general laws of human behavior as normally the trend. Opposed assumptions derived from psychoanalysis, which serve as an explanatory concept instinct, and they think that the first years of life are decisive in future adaptation; on the other hand Allport believes that conduct is guided by intentions aware, rather than unconscious, not being determinants of behavior genetic factors or history of each person.He was also a theorist of the trait; It differed "individual" traits and the "common"; individuals are peculiar of the individual and the common are the opposite. It tries to perform the task of producing a theory of the trait that respects the uniqueness of each individual.His most important works were: Personality, a psychological interpretation, (1937), The nature of prejudice, (1954), Becoming: basic considerations for a psychology of personality, (1955), Patern and growth in personality, (1961).WRI.