Biography of el Mozo Gobernador de Perú Diego de Almagro (1518-1542)

Spanish conquistador born in Panama in 1518 and died in Cuzco (Peru) in 1542. It was illegitimate, mestizo, son of manchego conquistador Diego de Almagro and his maid india Panamanian Ana Martínez.

It was legitimized by the capitulations of Toledo of 1429 issued by the Emperor Carlos Vhimself. He/She spent his childhood in his hometown, Panama, where should receive some education; the chroniclers of the Indies described him as handsome. In 1535, still very young, he/she moved to the Peru. He/She arrived in Cuzco while his father was in Chile; shipped to this country aboard one of the auxiliary ships led by Ruy Díaz. At the beginning of the civil war in 1537 between Diego de Almagro and Francisco Pizarro by the possession of Cuzco, he/she remained as a hostage in the hands of Hernando Pizarro, who moved it to Lima before the defeat of his father. Well treated by Francisco Pizarro, requested his grace to prevent execution of him; Although Pizarro promised to pardon him and marched to Cuzco, on his arrival his brother Hernando Pizarro had already completed hastily dictated by himself (July 1538) death sentence. According to the paternal Testament, the waiter was as heir to much of the goods of the ill-fated manchego and his governorship of new Toledo, being under the tutelage of Diego de Alvarado and other official supporters of his until his coming of age.

It was hosted as a guest in the own Palace of Francisco Pizarro. However, not ended up with these facts the Peruvian civil wars, because while a Alfonso de Alvarado traveled to Spain to defend the rights of Almagro (now of his son), and Hernando Pizarro towards the same with respect to its sibling on the other grew resentment of Almagro el Mozo, still resident in Lima. Eventually be expelled by Pizarro of home, and soon after supporters had been gathering to its around (known as the Chile) assassinated him (June 26, 1541) and proclaimed him the Governor acting, waiting to receive the actual confirmation. Then he/she left Lima to Cuzco. His position was strengthened by the support of disgruntled and recognition of many cities, but pull-ups for the exists resisted and was then joined by Cristóbal Vaca de Castro, the new Governor appointed by the Emperor and recently arrived from Spain. Vaca de Castro Almagro offered pardon if he/she accepted his authority, but he/she rejected the insurance of their forces. Neither Vaca de Castro replied to a request from Almagro getting him as Governor only Cuzco and its territory.

Thus, both armies clashed at the battle of Chupas (September 16, 1542). The waiter had about 500 soldiers, divided into two squadrons of cavalry stationed at forefront (he sent one); Gunners back (directed by Pedro de CandíaGreek), and infantry and some Arquebusiers in last position (with several captains). Front to the 800 men of Vaca de Castro, without artillery, were with the infantry in the Center (under the command of Pedro Vergara and Juan Vélez de Guevara) and the cavalry on the wings (Gómez de Alvarado, Garcilaso de la Vega and others). After the barrages of artillery almagrista locked combat melee, moment in which intervened a small Cavalry of reserve cow of Castro that decided the battle. In addition, some men of Almagro were passed to the other side and thus this was finally defeated. He/She fled with some forces towards the mountains (where he/she lived in absentia Manco Capac, who was his ally), but having entered in Cuzco was recognized and pursued; in the Valley of Yucay was pinched at the end and redirected to Cuzco. In prison he/she spoke with Castro cow; later he/she tried to flee, so moved him from prison and his trial accelerated. Sentenced to death, he/she was beheaded soon after, just four years after his father and with only twenty-four of age. He/She was buried in the same grave as that in the Church of the convent of Nuestra Señora de la Merced.

Bibliography

CIEZA DE LEÓN, P. The Chronicle of Peru. Manuel Ballesteros Edition. (Madrid, history 16: 1985).

Chronicles of the conquest of the Peru. (Mexico, New Spain: 1940).

Chronicles of the Peru. 5 vols. (Madrid, Atlas; 1963-1965).

INCA GARCILASO DE LA VEGA. Royal commentaries of the incas. (Madrid, Castalia: 2000).

KIRKPATRICK, F.A. The Spanish conquistadors. (Madrid, Rialp: 2000).

MARTÍN ALMAGRO, J.A. testament of Don Diego de Almagro, quarterback, ahead of Chile. (Ciudad Real, Instituto de Estudios Manchegos: 1982). MENDIBURU, M. of. Biographic dictionary of the Peru. Vol. 1. (Lima, Solis printing J. Francisco: 1874-1890).