Biography of Cecilia o "Cecilia A. Mantua" Alonso i Bozzo (1905-1974)

Dramatist, Narrator, and Spanish essayist, born in Barcelona in 1905 and died in his hometown in 1974. He/She signed some of his literary works under the pseudonym of "Cecilia to Mantua.".

Encouraged by a vivid humanistic vocation, soon it stood out as one of the towering figures of this bourgeois theatre movement that, in the Decade of the 1930s, worked tirelessly for the development and dissemination of the drama written and performed in the Catalan language. The work of these authors, among which was Cecilia Alonso i Bozzo, became known primarily through dramatic some Catalan radio stations, among which it is obliged to remind Radio Barcelona, which even had a fixed, within its weekly programming space, called "Radio Theatre".

Subsequently, without abandoning his dedication to the art of Talia, Cecilia Alonso i Bozzo ventured in the genre of narrative with novels such as the titled bird of passage (1944) or a Princess on the way (1949), and also began to cultivate the essay genre that enriched with some titles as the book of women (1946). In this work can be seen clearly bourgeois ideology of the author - which must have belonged to a well-to-do family of Catalan-, manifest in the series of rules and tips that dictates women of high rank so that they behave in society, interact with their husbands, to their service, etc.

Among the varied dramatic production of "Cecilia to. Mantua", should be noted his work entitled has passat an oreneta..., a sentimental comedy written in Catalan and it consists of three acts, which was premiered in a radio session of mentioned radio Barcelona on April 8, 1936 by the own means of broadcasting company, directed by Adrià Gual. It's a piece that, heiress of some topics and techniques of the ancient theater of manners, ignores any development of dramatic action to set up a psychological picture centered on the main character of the work. In general, all the works of Cecilia Alonso Bozzo i participate in this theatrical model, which ultimately ends up becoming the presentation of different figures that embody a number of exemplary moral values, within a framework of sweetened sentimentality. Apparently, has passat an oreneta... was the subject of a printed edition held in the same year of its release, although currently unknown copy some of this so-called Edition.

The literary work of the Barcelona, interrupted author because of the Civil War, resumed in 1941 with a text, written in collaboration with Amanda Estefanía Alonso, was the libretto of an operetta entitled the parade of love, work of which only knows that it came up to the stage in 1941. The following year, in the company of the aforesaid Amanda Estefanía and the catalan writer Josep Mª Torres, Cecilia Alonso i Bozzo wrote the libretto for a fantastic operetta, entitled the Princess snow white, which was released in 1942. And a year later returned to the stage with Carmela Castillo or Suor Angelica, a work composed of three acts and written in collaboration with Francisco Gallardo and Sebastián Albalat.

That same year of 1943 data the only copy preserved - by means of a photocopy of a typed text - in question, a work composed of three acts and framed, as defined by the author herself, in the genre of the modern "high comedy". He/She is a piece that, all written by Cecilia Alonso line i Bozzo, presents a picture of moral values exemplary embodied in high bourgeois society of the era, adorned by a few traditionalists dyes and a sentimental touch intended to hide, unsuccessfully, the lack of dramatic development of the piece.

It is also dated in 1943 the song of Tyrol, a work composed of three acts, written in collaboration with the mentioned Josep Mª Torres and Ricardo Ros, came up to the stage in that year. Later, after a long period of silence in his side's dramatic creator, Cecilia Alonso i Bozzo returned to their old broadcasts of radio plays with La Pepa maca, a tragicomedy written in Catalan and it consists of three acts, which spread for the first time over the airwaves of radio station E.A.J. 1 Radio Barcelona, on March 30, 1954. With a dramatic structure weighed down by the same defects that suffer from all his works, this piece of "Cecilia to. Mantua", however, was very well received by the catalan public, which necessitated its premiere at the theater of the Spanish circle of Sant Andreu of Barcelona, on June 6 of that year of 1954, and even prompted the subsequent printed edition of the work (Barcelona1955).

From then on, the Barcelona literary career underwent, in his role as devoted to the dramatic genre, a dizzying process of fertility which eventually convert to Cecilia Alonso i Bozzo on one of the most prolific authors of catalan theatre of the 20th century. In 1960 he/she premiered the cinglerera of death, a drama written in catalan and composed of three acts, composed and published in 1956. On April 23, 1958 he/she spread for the first time on Radio Barcelona, the cançó de the florist, a comedy written in catalan and composed of three acts, which joined the following year by the printing press. Within the sentimental manners that characterizes all of its parts, this work of Barcelona playwright leaves for a moment high society that populates the literary salons of the author to focus on popular kinds of contemporary Barcelona.

Shortly after he/she climbed to scenarios Princess of Barcelona, a comedy that is composed of three acts in which the author is served, according to the origin of the characters, both the Catalan and the castellana. It was the company Quadre Escenic de l' Orfeó Atlantis who conducted the premiere of this work on September 27, 1959, at the Teatro La Spain Industrial de Barcelona. This book, also published in 1959, was followed by putting in scene of María Coral (pessebrista), Christmas comedy written in catalan and composed of two acts and five pictures, which premiered at the Barcelona Theatre on December 22, 1960, and published in 1961. Tenor of the criticism, this was one of the works of "Cecilia to Mantua." most celebrated by the public.

In 1961, opened a one-act farce of the Barcelona author, Diana l' office, also writing in the vernacular. It was subsequently taken to scene history d' a mirall, a blend of farce, comedy and drama written in the language of Verdaguer and composed of three acts, whose premiere took place in the Teatro Romea in Barcelona on July 27, 1965. Published the following year, this work presents in three historical pictures - each attached to a different theater subgenus - the evolution of the Catalan society through different generations living in the same space.

Also in 1965 he/she released, again through the theatrical radio space in Radio Barcelona, L'inventor of the great Carrer, a comical farce written in catalan which was followed, in 1968, the virreineta, a musical comedy with a score of Josep Ortiz and Jordi Máñez. But extensive dramatic production of Cecilia Alonso i Bozzo is composed of many parts that just they have been data about its release or Edition, many of which are considered missing at present. Among them, highlights musicians femina, Societat Anònima, a one-act farce written in catalan and composed of three acts, which is preserved in a manuscript copy, although it is not known if it came to be released. Barcelona playwright was also author of a series of works that, at present, just remembered something more than their titles: Com serem riurem month month; Deauville Paris port; The planted ben; The campaign of grace; The bonica month of neighborhood; The brunette of Coll blanc; The grossing cinema; A j.k. of the puntxet; Shubert Serenade (premiered in 1941); Three solterones (premiered in 1944); An open album (released in 1944); and Montserrat Sardana (premiered at Radio Barcelona in 1966).

Bibliography.

-FALCON, Lidia and SIURANA, Elvira. Women writers (Madrid: Comunidad de Madrid, 1992).

-CONCRETE, Juan Antonio (dir.) Authors in the history of the Spanish Theatre (1500-1994). (Madrid: publications of the Association of Directors of scene of Spain, 1996). 2 vols.