Biography of Ferdinand Alquié (1906-1985)

French philosopher, born in Carcassonne in 1906 and died in Montpellier in 1985. He/She was Professor in the Faculty of Arts in Montpellier and, since 1952, in the Sorbonne. He/She argued the impossibility of progressive evolution of philosophy, which did not imply that different philosophical attempts which have been made in the history have been useless; before, each one of them has become a mode to a set of circumstances contribute to causing the return being, that it translates into the philosopher, in the man in general, as a permanent longing, as this return in the Fund a return into itself. This essential link with the self is possible because such a being is not a mere concept or an abstraction, but the sum of all that concrete and living, both the present and the absent.

Alquié also reflected on return to eternity that is manifested in the desire of it. Eternity appears, first, as awareness of an absence, so it must be sought in the various operations of the consciousness in which this desire manifests itself: in the passions, in memory, in the habit, in remorse, in thinking... He/She concluded that eternity is not something that is separated from the time, but something that the spirit requires under the reality of the time.

Together with these metaphysical thoughts, Alquié has examined various philosophical systems from the point of view of the final return to be; Special mention deserves the analysis which took place from the thought of Descartes: the cogito cartesiano is not, according to Alquié, evidence or reasoning, but an authentic "ontological experience".

His fundamental works are: Notes sur principes les de philosophie de Descartes (1933), Leçons de philosophie, in two volumes (1939), Le Désir d' Éternité (1943), La Découverte metaphusique de l'homme chez Descartes (1950), nostalgie de l' être (1950), Philosophie du surréalisme (1955), Descartes, l'homme L'Oeuvre (1956), L' Expérience (1957), Solitude of raison (1966), la métaphysique (1968) Kantian critiqueSignification of the philosophie (1971), and Le Cartesianism of Malebranche (1974).